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This model was found at
1544 locations
The model is used in
72 countries
Usage per year (up to 2020)
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About the Qiagen Rotor Gene

The model Qiagen Rotor Gene was found in 1544 unique locations in 72 countries where it was mentioned from 2008 until recentlyIt is used by scientists in various research fields such as General Medicine, Molecular Biology, Genetics, Infectious Diseases, and Cancer Research. The model is also used in Microbiology, Immunology, Cell Biology, Oncology, Microbiology (medical), General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, Virology, Organic Chemistry, Molecular Medicine, Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Computer Science Applications, Catalysis, Spectroscopy, Inorganic Chemistry, Immunology and Allergy, Parasitology, Plant Science, Pharmacology, General Veterinary, Physiology, Genetics (clinical), General Chemistry, Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, and Biotechnology.
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Research that uses the Qiagen Rotor Gene

Yoonjin Lee, Hye-Won Lim, In Wang Ryu, Yu-Hua Huang, Minsik Park, Young Min Chi, Chang-Jin Lim, BioMed Research International, 2020, 1-11, 2020
This work aimed to assess the skin-beneficial properties of Agastache rugosa Kuntze, an herbal medication used to treat different types of disorders in traditional folk medicine. The total phenolic compounds and total antiradical, nitrite scavenging, superoxide scavenging, antielastase, and antihyaluronidase activities of a hot water extract of A. rugosa Kuntze leaves (ARE) were spectrophotometrically determined. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) was fluorometrically quantitated using 2,7-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA). Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and filaggrin were evaluated using Western analysis. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR was used to measure filaggrin mRNA. Caspase-14 activity was determined using a fluorogenic substrate. ARE contained the total phenolic content of 38.9 mg gallic acid equivalent/g extract and exhibited 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, superoxide radical, and nitrite scavenging activities with the SC50 values of 2.9, 1.4, and 1.7 mg/mL, respectively. ARE exerted suppressive activities on nitric oxide (NO) and ROS levels elevated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in HaCaT keratinocytes. It attenuated the LPS-stimulated expression of iNOS. ARE augmented the UV-B-reduced filaggrin expression on both protein and mRNA levels and was capable of upregulating the UV-B-reduced caspase-14 activity. ARE inhibited in vitro elastase and hyaluronidase activities associated with the wrinkling process. ARE, at the concentrations used, did not interfere with the viability of HaCaT keratinocytes. These findings preliminarily imply that the leaves of A. rugosa possess desirable cosmetic potentials, such as anti-inflammatory, barrier protective, and antiwrinkle activities, which infers their skin healing potentials.
Jinhee Ha, Dinesh Bharti, Young-Hoon Kang, Sang-Yeob Lee, Seong-Ju Oh, Saet-Byul Kim, Chan-Hee Jo, Jang-Ho Son, Iel-Yong Sung, Yeong-Cheol Cho, Gyu-Jin Rho, Jeong-Kil Park, BioMed Research International, 2021, 1-13, 2021
Previous studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from various tissue sources can be differentiated into smooth muscle-like cells (SMLCs) in vitro. In this paper, dental pulp-derived mesenchymal stem cells (DPSCs) were evaluated for their differentiation ability towards smooth muscle-like cells (SMLCs) under the effect of widely used cytokines (TGF-β1 and PDGF-BB) with special focus on different culturing environments. For this purpose, both the commercially used culturing plates (Norm-c) and 0.1% gelatin-precoated (Gel-c) plates were used. Isolated cells displayed plastic adherence, pluripotency and cell surface marker profiling, and adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation potential with lineage specific marker expression. Differentiated cells induced under different culturing plates showed successful differentiation into SMLCs by positively expressing smooth muscle cell (SMC) specific markers both at the mRNA and protein levels. Gelatin coating could substantially enhance DPSC differentiation potential than Norm-c-induced cells. However, the absence of mature marker MHY-11 by immunostaining results from all treatment groups further indicated the development of immature and synthetic SMLCs. Finally, it was concluded that DPSC differentiation ability into SMLCs can be enhanced under cytokine treatment as well as by altering the cellular niche by precoating the culturing plates with suitable substrates. However, to get fully functional, contractile, and mature SMLCs, still many different cytokine cocktail combinations and more suitable coating substrates will be needed.
Maslin Osathanunkul, Toshifumi Minamoto, PeerJ, 8, e10338, 2020
Background The importance of the inland fisheries sector in food security as a provider of much-needed protein and income supplier has been highlighted. This is especially the case in poor rural communities in developing countries. Inland capture fisheries in Thailand are in place nationwide in rivers, lakes, swamps and reservoirs. The clown featherback (Chitala ornata) is popularly consumed and is an economically important fish in Thailand which is often used in food products such as fish balls and fish cakes. Along with other fish species, the clown featherback is one of fish of inland fisheries at Phayao Lake. Recent fish surveys from 2016-2018 at Phayao Lake using netting and electrofishing found that the number of clown featherback have been reducing since 2016 and could not be detected at all by 2018. This is despite the fact that there are still reports of their presence in the lake from locals. Methods We developed an eDNA-based method for detection of the clown featherback in Phayao Lake as an alternative tool. Water samples were collected in three different sampling months (February, June and September) at six sites located in the lake. Species-specific primers and the probe were designed to amplify a 183 bp fragment of the cytB region of the clown featherback. Results eDNA of the clown featherback can be detected in all different sampling months and sites. Concentration of the clown featherback found in Prayao Lake showed no difference over sampling month but between collecting sites. This proves that eDNA based survey is a sensitive and useful tool for monitoring and surveying the clown featherback at any time of the year.
An-Pei Zhou, Pei-Hua Gan, Dan Zong, Xuan Fei, Yuan-Yuan Zhong, Si-Qi Li, Jin-De Yu, Cheng-Zhong He, PeerJ, 7, e7740, 2019
Inverted cuttings of Populus yunnanensis exhibit an interesting growth response to inversion. This response is characterized by enlargement of the stem above the shoot site, while the upright stem shows obvious outward growth below the shoot site. In this study, we examined transcriptome changes in bark tissue at four positions on upright and inverted cuttings of P. yunnanensis: position B, the upper portion of the stem; position C, the lower portion of the stem; position D, the bottom of new growth; and position E, the top of new growth. The results revealed major transcriptomic changes in the stem, especially at position B, but little alteration was observed in the bark tissue of the new shoot. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mainly assigned to four pathways: plant hormone signal transduction, plant-pathogen interaction, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway-plant, and adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Most of these DEGs were involved in at least two pathways. The levels of many hormones, such as auxin (IAA), cytokinin (CTK), gibberellins (GAs), ethylene (ET), and brassinosteroids (BRs), underwent large changes in the inverted cuttings. A coexpression network showed that the top 20 hub unigenes at position B in the upright and inverted cutting groups were associated mainly with the BR and ET signaling pathways, respectively. Furthermore, brassinosteroid insensitive 1-associated receptor kinase 1 (BAK1) in the BR pathway and both ethylene response (ETR) and constitutive triple response 1 (CTR1) in the ET pathway were important hubs that interfaced with multiple pathways.
Dongjun Kim, Mun-ju Cho, Yongjun Lee, Seungchan Cho, Eui-Joon Kil, Sung June Byun, Sukchan Lee, 2020
Abstract Background: Lactobacillus reuteri SKKU-OGDONS-01 was isolated from chicken intestines for further development as an antiviral feed additive. This study aimed to investigate probiotic properties of chicken isolates in mice model and in silico analysis.Results: Compared to known probiotics, Lactobacillus paracasei ATCC 334, Lactobacillus reuteri SKKU-OGDONS-01 showed immune-boosting effects despite short persistence in the mice intestine. Especially, the expression levels of IFN-β and IFN-γ were increased 4 and 40 times higher than those of the control mice. In proportion to the immune-boosting effects elicited by chicken isolates, the antiviral efficacy against murine norovirus (MNV) was also remarkable. For the purpose of evaluating the potential for development as feed additives, the expression levels of probiotic markers such as long-term acid adaptation, stress response, and adhesion-related proteins were investigated using in silico method, and the results showed that these proteins were expressed at high levels in chicken isolate. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that chicken isolate, Lactobacillus reuteri SKKU-OGDONS-01 can also elicit high probiotic properties in mice even though it originated in chicken. We expect that this chicken isolate will be able to induce much higher probiotic activity in chickens to develop feed additives for poultry.Keywords: Lactobacillus reuteri SKKU-OGDONS-01, probiotics, antiviral efficacy, probiotic marker, cytokine
Claire YT Wang, Emma Ballard, Stacey Llewellyn, Louise Marquart, Teun Bousema, James S. McCarthy, Katharine A Collins, 2020
Abstract Background Malaria transmission from humans to mosquitoes requires the presence of gametocytes in human peripheral circulation, and the dynamics of transmission are determined largely by the density and sex ratio of the gametocytes. Molecular methods are thus employed to measure gametocyte densities, particularly when assessing transmission epidemiology and the efficacy of transmission-blocking interventions. However accurate quantification of gametocytes with molecular methods requires pure male and female gametocytes as reference standards, which are not widely available. Methods qRT-PCR assays were used to quantify levels of sex-specific mRNA transcripts in Plasmodium falciparum female and male gametocytes ( pfs25 and pfMGET respectively) using synthetic cRNA standards and in-vitro cultured gametocytes. Assay were validated and assay performance was investigated using blood samples of clinical trial participants (ClinicalTrials.gov reference number NCT02431637 and NCT02431650) using these standards and compared to absolute quantification by droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). Results The number of transcript copies per gametocyte were determined to be 279.3 (95% CI 253.5 - 307.6) for the female-specific transcript pfs25, and 12.5 (95% CI 10.6 - 14.9) for the male-specific transcript pfMGET . These numbers can be used to convert from transcript copies/mL to gametocyte/mL. The reportable range was determined to be 5.71x10 6 to 5.71 gametocytes/mL for pfs25, and 1.73x10 7 to 5.59 for pfMGET. The limit of detection was 3.9 (95% CI 2.5-8.2) gametocytes/mL for pfs25, and 26.9 (95% CI 19.3 - 51.7) gametocytes/mL for PfMGET . Both assays showed minimal intra-assay and inter-assay variability with coefficient of variation < 3%. No cross-reactivity was observed in both assays in uninfected human blood samples. Comparison of results from ddPCR to qRT-PCR assays on clinical blood samples indicated high level agreement (ICC=0.998 for pfs25 and 0.995 for pfMGET ). Conclusions We developed and validated qRT-PCR assays that are able to accurately quantify levels of female and male P. falciparum gametocytes at submicroscopic densities. The assays showed excellent reproducibility, sensitivity, precision, specificity and accuracy. The methodology will enable the estimation of gametocyte density in the absence of pure female and male gametocyte standards, and will facilitate clinical trials and epidemiological studies.
Josef D. Järhult, Michael Hultström, Anders Bergqvist, Robert Frithiof, Miklos Lipcsey, 2020
Abstract BackgroundThe spread of virus via the blood stream has been suggested to contribute to extra pulmonary organ failure in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We assessed SARS-CoV-2 RNAemia (RNAemia) and the association between RNAemia and inflammation, organ failure and mortality in critically ill COVID-19 patients.MethodsIn a tertiary center we included all patients with PCR verified COVID-19 and consent admitted to ICU. SARS-CoV-2 RNA copies above 1000/ml measured by PCR in plasma was defined as RNAemia and used as surrogate for viremia.ResultsOf the 92 patients RNAemia was found in 31 (34%) and RNA in plasma was detected in 63 (58%). Hypertension and corticosteroid treatment was more common in patients with RNAemia . RNAemia levels were higher in patients with RAAS-inhibitor treatment or corticosteroid treatment than those without. Extra-pulmonary organ failure biomarkers and the extent of organ failure were similar in patients with and without RNAemia, but the former group had more renal replacement therapy and higher mortality (26 vs 16%; 35 vs 16%, respectively, p=0.04). RNAemia was not an independent predictor of death at 30 days after adjustment for age. ConclusionSARS-CoV2 RNA copies in plasma is a common finding in ICU patients with COVID-19. Although viremia was not associated with extra pulmonary organ failure it was more common in patients who did not survive to 30 days after ICU admission.Trial registrationClinicalTrials NCT04316884
Xinyao Chen, Yunzi Chen, Zijue Wang, Ziqing Dong, Yao Yao, Ye Li, Jing Xia, Jingyan Guan, Xinhui Wang, Rongcun Sun, Feng Lu, Lijun Hao, Sai Luo, 2020
Abstract Background Autologous fat grafting is becoming increasingly common worldly. However, the long-term retention of fat grafting is still unpredictable due to the inevitable fibrosis that arises during tissue repair. Fibrosis may be regulated by T-cell immune responses that are influenced by adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). Accordingly, we hypothesized that overly abundant ASCs might promote fibrosis by promoting T-cell immune responses to adipose tissue. Methods We performed 0.3 ml fat grafts with 104/ml, 106/ml and 108/ml ASCs and control group in C57 BL/6 mice in vivo. We observed retention, fibrosis, T-cell immunity, and macrophage infiltration over 12 weeks. In addition, CD4 + T-helper 1 (Th1) cells and T-helper 2 (Th2) cells were co-cultured with ASCs or ASCs conditioned media (CM) in vitro. We detected the ratio of Th2%/Th1% after 24 and 48 hours. Results In vivo, the retention rate was higher in the 104 group, while even lower in the 108 group with significantly increased inflammation and fibrosis than the control group at week 12. There was no significance between control group and the 106 group. Also, the 108 group increased infiltration of M2 macrophages, CD4 + T-cells and Th2/Th1 ratio. In vitro, the ratio of Th2%/Th1% induced by the ASCs-transwell group was higher than the ASCs-CM group and showed concentration-dependent. Conclusions High concentrations of ASCs in adipose tissue can promote Th1–Th2 shifting, and the excess of Th2 cells might promote the persistence of M2 macrophages and increase the level of fibrosis which lead to a decrease in the long-term retention of fat grafts. In addition, we found that ASCs promoted Th1–Th2 shifting in vitro.
He Tai, Xiao-lin Jiang, Yue Li, Liang Kong, Si-cheng Yao, Nan Song, Mei-jun Lv, Jin Wu, Ping Yang, Guan-lin Yang, Jin-song Kuang, Zhi-ming Lan, Lian-qun Jia, 2020
Abstract Background: Acute myocardial injury (AMI), which is induced by renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR), is a significant cause of acute kidney injury (AKI)-related associated death. Obesity increases the severity and frequency of AMI and AKI. Tanshinone IIA (TIIA) combined with cyclosporine A (CsA) pretreatment was used to alleviate myocardial cell apoptosis induced by renal IR, and to determine whether TIIA combined with CsA would attenuate myocardial cell apoptosis by modulating mitochondrial function through the PI3K/Akt/Bad pathway in obese rats. Methods: Male rates were fed a high fat diet for 8 weeks to generate obesity. AKI was induced by 30 min of kidney ischemia followed 24 h of reperfusion. Obese rats were given TIIA (10 mg/kg·d) for 2 weeks and CsA (5 mg/kg) 30 min before renal IR. Related indicators were examined.Results: TIIA combined with CsA alleviated the pathohistological injury and apoptosis induced by renal IR in myocardial cells. In addition, TIIA combined with CsA improved cardiac function and decreased the serum myocardial enzyme spectrum in obese rats after renal IR. At the same time, TIIA combined with CsA improved mitochondrial function. Abnormal function of mitochondria was supported by decreases in the respiration controlling rate (RCR), intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP), oxygen consumption rate, and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and increases in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS), opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), mitochondrial DNA damage, and mitochondrial respiratory chain complex enzymes (Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, and Ⅴ). The injury of mitochondrial dynamic function was assessed by a decrease in Drp1, and increases in Mfn1 and Mfn2, and mitochondrial biogenesis injury was assessed by decreases in PGC-1, NRF1, and TFam. TIIA combined with CsA can attenuate apoptosis through modulating mitochondrial function through the PI3K/Akt/Bad pathway in obese rats.Conclusion: We used isolated mitochondria from rat myocardial tissues to demonstrate that myocardial mitochondrial dysfunction occurred along with renal IR to induce myocardial cell apoptosis; obesity aggravated apoptosis. TIIA combined with CsA attenuated myocardial cell apoptosis by modulating mitochondrial function through the PI3K/Akt/Bad pathway in obese rats.
Samuele Metti, Lisa Gambarotto, Martina Chrisam, Martina La Spina, Martina Baraldo, Paola Braghetta, Bert Blaauw, Paolo Bonaldo, Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 8, 2020
The induction of autophagy, the catabolic pathway by which damaged or unnecessary cellular components are subjected to lysosome-mediated degradation and recycling, is impaired in Collagen VI (COL6) null mice and COL6-related myopathies. This autophagic impairment causes an accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria, which in turn leads to myofiber degeneration. Our previous work showed that reactivation of autophagy in COL6-related myopathies is beneficial for muscle structure and function both in the animal model and in patients. Here we show that pterostilbene (Pt)—a non-toxic polyphenol, chemically similar to resveratrol but with a higher bioavailability and metabolic stability—strongly promotes in vivo autophagic flux in the skeletal muscle of both wild-type and COL6 null mice. Reactivation of autophagy in COL6-deficient muscles was also paralleled by several beneficial effects, including significantly decreased incidence of spontaneous apoptosis, recovery of ultrastructural defects and muscle remodeling. These findings point at Pt as an effective autophagy-inducing nutraceutical for skeletal muscle with great potential in counteracting the major pathogenic hallmarks of COL6-related myopathies, a valuable feature that may be also beneficial in other muscle pathologies characterized by defective regulation of the autophagic machinery.
Suji Kim, Hyun-Eui Park, Woo Bin Park, Seo Yihl Kim, Hong-Tae Park, Han Sang Yoo, Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 10, 2021
Mycobacterium avium, an opportunistic intracellular pathogen, is a member of the non-tuberculous mycobacteria species. M. avium causes respiratory disease in immunosuppressed individuals and a wide range of animals, including companion dogs and cats. In particular, the number of infected companion dogs has increased, although the underlying mechanism of M. avium pathogenesis in dogs has not been studied. Therefore, in the present study, the host immune response against M. avium in dogs was investigated by transcriptome analysis of canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells. M. avium was shown to induce different immune responses in canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells at different time points after infection. The expression of Th1-associated genes occurred early during M. avium infection, while that of Th17-associated genes increased after 12 h. In addition, the expression of apoptosis-related genes decreased and the abundance of intracellular M. avium increased in monocyte-derived macrophages after infection for 24 h. These results reveal the M. avium induces Th17 immune response and avoids apoptosis in infected canine cells. As the number of M. avium infection cases increases, the results of the present study will contribute to a better understanding of host immune responses to M. avium infection in companion dogs.
Ahsan Irshad, Huijun Guo, Shunlin Zhang, Luxiang Liu, Agronomy, 10, 405 (3), 2020
A substantial increase in yield of food crops is crucial to feeding the burgeoning global population. There is a need to introduce new breeding strategies that will accelerate the average phenotypic values of crop plants. The use of induced mutations coupled with modern genomics tools is an effective strategy for identifying and manipulating genes for crop improvement. High-throughput TILLING (Targeting Induced local Lesions IN Genomes) methodology, detects mutations in mutagenized populations, and EcoTILLING identifies single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within a natural population and associates these variations with traits of breeding interest. The main advantage of these techniques as a “reverse genetics” strategy is that they can be applied to any species regardless of genome size and ploidy level. In cereals, several space-induced and EMS-induced mutant populations have been used to identify mutants with important traits including salinity tolerance, grain size, and recombinant crossovers via TILLING by sequencing (TbyS). Genes such as TaSSIV, which plays an important role in starch granule formation, and Pin a and Pin b, which have been associated with kernel hardness in wheat, have been exploited in cereals via the EcoTILLING approach. This review focused on the functions and challenges of TILLING and the relation of TILLING to next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies which help to exploit the induced mutations and their potential applications in cereal crops.
undefined Liu, undefined Ren, undefined Jeong, Agronomy, 9, 654 (10), 2019
Astragalus membranaceus Bunge and Codonopsis lanceolata Benth. et Hook. f. are two famous medical species in Korea, China, and Japan, mainly used for treating diseases including cancer, obesity, and inflammation. Manipulation of the difference between the day and night temperatures (DIF) is an efficient horticultural practice to regulate the growth and development of vegetables in a glasshouse. However, little research has focused on how the DIF influences the plug seedling quality of medicinal plants. In this study, uniform plug seedlings were cultivated in three environmentally controlled chambers under an average daily temperature of 20 °C with negative (−10 °C), zero, or positive (+10 °C) DIFs, and the same relative humidity (75%), photoperiod (12 h), and light intensity (150 μmol·m−2·s−1 photosynthetic photon flux density with white LEDs). The results showed that the DIF had a noticeable effect on the growth, development, and morphology of A. membranaceus and C. lanceolata plug seedlings. The positive DIF (+10 °C) significantly increased the biomass (shoot, root, and leaf), stem diameter, and Dickson’s quality index, indicating an enhanced plug seedling quality. Moreover, the contents of primary and secondary metabolites, including soluble sugar, starch, total phenols and flavonoids, were higher with higher DIFs, where the maximum values were found at 0 °C or +10 °C DIF. Furthermore, the increases in the chlorophyll content and stomatal conductance were obtained in a positive DIF, indicating that a positive DIF was favorable to photosynthesis. An analysis of the gene expression showed that a positive DIF (+10 °C) up-regulated the expression of photosynthetic genes, including GBSS, RBCL, and FDX. In conclusion, the results of this study recommend a positive DIF (+10 °C) for enhancing the quality of A. membranaceus and C. lanceolata plug seedlings.
Mohammad Faisal, Eslam M. Abdel-Salam, Abdulrahman A. Alatar, Quaiser Saquib, Hend A. Alwathnani, Tomas Canto, Agronomy, 9, 893 (12), 2019
We explored the ability of RNA interference (RNAi) to silence the Acetylcholinesterase 1 (Ace 1) gene in aphid Myzus persicae and developed transgenic tomato plants resistant to aphid infestation. Three plasmid constructs, T-449: a single Ace 1 fragment (forward orientation), T-452: two Ace 1 fragments (reverse and forward orientations), and T455: a single inverted Ace 1 fragment, were developed and transformed into two tomato cultivars, Jamila and Tomaland. PCR, northern blotting, and small interfering RNAs (siRNA) analysis were performed to validate the success of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The efficiency of transformation was highest for the T-452 construct. In vivo effects of the transformed constructs were confirmed in feeding experiments, and there was significant downregulation of the Ace 1 gene. In addition, an aphid challenge assay was conducted to investigate the siRNA-mediated silencing of the target gene (Ace 1) in the inhibition of fecundity in M. persicae. We found that the plants that were transformed with the T-452 vector had 37.5% and 26.4% lower fecundity at 27 °C in the Jamila and Tomaland, respectively. Our results strongly indicated that the plant-mediated silencing of aphid-RNA might be a robust and effective approach for developing pest and disease resistant in plants.
Elisa Scarsella, Michela Cintio, Lucilla Iacumin, Federica Ginaldi, Bruno Stefanon, Animals, 10, 531 (3), 2020
Several studies on the interaction between gut microbiota and diets, including prebiotics, have been reported in dogs, but no data are available about the effects of dietary administration of grape proanthocyanidins. In the study, 24 healthy adult dogs of different breeds were recruited and divided in 3 groups of 8 subjects each. A group was fed with a control diet (D0), whilst the others were supplemented with 1 (D1) or 3 (D3) mg/kg live weight of grape proanthocyanidins. Samples of feces were collected at the beginning and after 14 and 28 days for microbiota, short chain fatty acid, and lactic acid analysis. Serotonin and cortisol were measured in saliva, collected at the beginning of the study and after 28 days. A significantly higher abundance (p < 0.01) of Enterococcus and Adlercreutzia were observed in D0, whilst Escherichia and Eubacterium were higher in D1. Fusobacterium and Phascolarctobacterium were higher (p < 0.01) in D3. Salivary serotonin increased (p < 0.01) at T28 for D1 and D3 groups but cortisol did not vary. Proanthocyanidins administration influenced the fecal microbiota and neuroendocrine response of dogs, but a high variability of taxa was observed, suggesting a uniqueness and stability of fecal microbiota related to the individual.
Alessia Giannetto, Sabrina Oliva, Kristian Riolo, Domenico Savastano, Vincenzo Parrino, Tiziana Cappello, Maria Maisano, Salvatore Fasulo, Angela Mauceri, Animals, 10, 1710 (9), 2020
Insects have been recognized as sustainable alternative sources of nutrients for food and feed. The Black Soldier Fly (BSF), Hermetia illucens, is a particularly promising species for its great potential in the waste valorization to produce, during the bioconversion process, high-value fat and proteins that currently represent a valuable source for fish feed. The present study aims to evaluate the efficiency to use substrate proteins in two different BSF developmental stages as sustainable biotechnological tools for vegetable waste management. We provide insights into the nutritional values of both V instar larvae and prepupae in terms of valuable amino acids with special focus on taurine, a crucial nutrient for fish. Moreover, we cloned four key genes from BSF involved in the taurine biosynthesis pathway, 2-aminoethanethiol dioxygenase (Hiado), cysteine dioxygenase (Hicdo), cysteine sulfonate decarboxylase (Hicsad), and glutamate decarboxylase (Higad). The gene expression analysis in larvae and prepupae by qPCR showed development-specific profiles suggesting they influence the taurine content during BSF development. These findings showed peculiar phenotypes in larvae and prepupae that can be selected for different biotechnological applications as sustainable source of relevant amino acids and taurine to support the increasing demand for animal feed and aquafeed in the next decades.
Nicolás Galarce, Beatriz Escobar, Eduard Martínez, Natalia Alvarado, Gabriela Peralta, Phillip Dettleff, Jessica Dorner, Víctor Martínez, Consuelo Borie, Animals, 10, 2073 (11), 2020
Canine brucellosis caused by Brucella canis is a zoonotic disease that causes reproductive alterations in dogs, such as infertility, abortion, and epididymitis. This pathogen is especially prevalent in South America, and due to the lack of official control programs and the growing trend of adopting dogs it constitutes a public health risk that must be addressed. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of B. canis infection in kennel, shelter, and household dogs and to characterize the genomic properties of circulating strains, including ure and virB operons and omp25/31 genes. Samples from 771 dogs were obtained, and the infection was detected by blood culture and/or serology in 7.0% of the animals. The complete ure and virB operons and the omp25/31 genes were detected. Interestingly, we found different single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in some of the analyzed genes, which could mean a change in the fitness or virulence of these strains. This study provides further evidence about dogs as a source of B. canis strains that can infect people. This also highlights the need to implement official control programs, including the mandatory testing of dogs, especially stray dogs, before adoption.
Carlos F. C. Lanes, Fabio A. Pedron, Giovani T. Bergamin, Andressa L. Bitencourt, Brenda E. R. Dorneles, Jessica C. V. Villanova, Kimberly C. Dias, Kristian Riolo, Sabrina Oliva, Domenico Savastano, Alessia Giannetto, Animals, 11, 720 (3), 2021
The black soldier fly (BSF) Hermetia illucens is receiving increasing attention as a sustainable fishmeal alternative protein source for aquaculture. To date, no studies have explored the effects of fishmeal replacement with BSF V instar larvae or prepupae meals due to their peculiar nutritional properties on fish performances. This study investigated the effects of 100% replacement of fishmeal (control diet) with defatted BSF meals (V instar larvae and prepupae meals, treatments) on growth performance and welfare of zebrafish (Danio rerio), from larvae to adults, in a 60-day feeding trial. Following the inclusion of BSF meals, the expression of key genes involved in growth (igf1, igf2, mstnb, myod1, myog, myf5), hydrolysis of chitin (chia.2, chia.3, chia.5), immune- (il1b, il6, tnfα), and stress- (hsp70 and nr3c1) responses, as assessed by qPCR, was modulated in all of the molecular pathways, except for the stress response. Overall, our findings showed that both BSF meals can totally replace fishmeal without adverse impacts on adult zebrafish growth parameters (final total and standard length, final body weight, weight gain, daily growth rate, specific growth rate) and welfare, with BSF prepupae meal inducing the most beneficial effects, thus suggesting their potential application to meet fish requirements in aquaculture.
Monika Olech, Katarzyna Ropka-Molik, Tomasz Szmatoła, Katarzyna Piórkowska, Jacek Kuźmak, Animals, 11, 1908 (7), 2021
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 7 and 8 are important in single-stranded viral RNA recognition, so genetic variation of these genes may play a role in SRLVs infection and disease progression. Present study aimed to identify SNPs in genes encoding TLR7 and TLR8 in goats of Carpathian breed and analyze their association with the SRLVs provirus concentration as index of disease progression. A total of 14 SNPs were detected, 6 SNPs in the TLR7 gene locus and 8 SNPs in the TLR8 gene. Nine of the 14 identified polymorphisms, 4 in the TLR7 gene and 5 in TLR8 gene, were significantly associated with the SRLVs proviral concentration. These SNPs were located in 3′UTR, 5′UTR and intron sequences as well as in the coding sequences, but they led to silent changes. Homozygous genotypes of three TLR7 SNPs (synonymous variant 1:50703293, 3′UTR variant 1:50701297 and 5′UTR variant 1:50718645) were observed in goats with lower provirus copy number as well as in seronegative animals. The results obtained in this study suggest that SNPs of TLR7/TLR8 genes may induce differential innate immune response towards SRLVs affecting proviral concentration and thereby disease pathogenesis and progression. These findings support a role for genetic variations of TLR7 and TLR8 in SRLVs infection and warrants further studies on the effect of TLR7/TLR8 polymorphisms on SRLVs infection in different populations.
Maria S. Fedorova, Anastasiya V. Snezhkina, Anastasiya V. Lipatova, Vladislav S. Pavlov, Anastasiya A. Kobelyatskaya, Zulfiya G. Guvatova, Elena A. Pudova, Maria V. Savvateeva, Irina A. Ishina, Tatiana B. Demidova, Nadezhda N. Volchenko, Dmitry Y. Trofimov, Gennady T. Sukhikh, George S. Krasnov, Anna V. Kudryavtseva, Frontiers in Genetics, 11, 2020
The NETO2 gene (neuropilin and tolloid-like 2) encodes a protein that acts as an accessory subunit of kainate receptors and is predominantly expressed in the brain. Upregulation of NETO2 has been observed in several tumors; however, its role in tumorigenesis remains unclear. In this study, we investigated NETO2 expression in breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer using quantitative PCR (qPCR), as well as the effect of shRNA-mediated NETO2 silencing on transcriptome changes in colorectal cancer cells. In the investigated tumors, we observed both increased and decreased NETO2 mRNA levels, presenting no correlation with the main clinicopathological characteristics. In HCT116 cells, NETO2 knockdown resulted in the differential expression of 17 genes and 2 long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), associated with the upregulation of circadian rhythm and downregulation of several cancer-associated pathways, including Wnt, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, Janus kinase (JAK)-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) pathways. Furthermore, we demonstrated the possibility to utilize a novel model organism, short-lived fish Nothobranchius furzeri, for evaluating NETO2 functions. The ortholog neto2b in N. furzeri demonstrated a high similarity in nucleotide and amino acid sequences with human NETO2, as well as was characterized by stable expression in various fish tissues. Collectively, our findings demonstrate the deregulation of NETO2 in the breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer and its participation in the tumor development primarily through cellular signaling.
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