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apparatus, instrument, instrument, differential scanning calorimeter, thermogravimetric analyzer, instrument, instrument
This model was found at
917 locations
The model is used in
49 countries
Usage per year (up to 2020)
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109 related research fields
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About the Netzsch STA 449

The model Netzsch STA 449 was found in 917 unique locations in 49 countries where it was mentioned from 2007 until recentlyIt is used by scientists in various research fields such as General Materials Science, General Chemistry, Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Condensed Matter Physics, and General Chemical Engineering. The model is also used in General Physics and Astronomy, Polymers and Plastics, Materials Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Mechanics of Materials, Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials, Analytical Chemistry, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Pharmaceutical Science, Inorganic Chemistry, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Drug Discovery, Chemistry, Surfaces, Coatings and Films, Molecular Medicine, General Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Biomaterials, General Medicine, Ceramics and Composites, Metals and Alloys, Surfaces and Interfaces, Catalysis, Environmental Chemistry, and Bioengineering.
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Research that uses the Netzsch STA 449

Ruru Guo, Zhijian Li, Lu Li, Peng Wang, Chaoli Ma, 2020
Abstract C/SiC composites were fabricated by reactive melt infiltration (RMI) using porous C/C preforms as the skeleton, followed by the infiltration of molten silicon. A convenient technique of heat treatment in the range of 1500 to 2400 oC was applied to modify the porous carbon structure. The effects of heat treatment on the porous C/C preforms and the as-synthesized C/SiC composites were investigated in detail. The results show that the optimal porous carbon structure could be obtained after heat treatment at 1500 oC. After 1500 oC heat treatment, the median pore size and porosity of the porous C/C preform were 9.3 µm and 13.65% respectively, which were in favor of the subsequent infiltration of molten Si. The C/SiC composites with the optimized porous carbon structure showed a dense and uniform morphology without obvious cracks. Their bending strength could be up to 276 MPa, which was 28% higher than that of the C/SiC composites with untreated C/C preforms. However, with the increasing heat treatment temperature (2400 oC), the bending strength of the as obtained composites began to decrease because of the degradation of in-situ fiber strength. The optimized C/SiC composites exhibited a typical pseudo-plastic fracture behavior with obvious fiber pull-out. The improved mechanical property could be ascribed to the lower porosity of composites, the higher in-situ strength of fibers and the reduced matrix cracks.
Shaoshan Su, Zhurong Mo, Guizhen Tan, Hongli Wen, Xiang Chen, Deshmukh A. Hakeem, Frontiers in Chemistry, 8, 2021
Detection of the Cu2+ ions is crucial because of its environmental and biological implications. The fluorescent-based organic sensors are not suitable for Cu2+ detection due to their short penetration depth caused by the UV/visible excitation source. Therefore, we have demonstrated a highly sensitive and selective near-infrared (NIR) excitable poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) coated upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) based sensor for Cu2+ detection. We construct the PAA modified Na(Yb, Nd)F4@Na(Yb, Gd)F4:Tm@NaGdF4 core-shell-shell structured UCNPs based sensor via a co-precipitation route. The upconversion emission intensity of the PAA-UCNPs decreases linearly with the increase in the Cu2+ concentration from 0.125 to 3.125 μM due to the copper carboxylate complex formation between Cu2+ and PAA-UCNPs. The calculated detection limit of the PAA-UCNPs based sensor is 0.1 μM. The PAA-UCNPs based sensor is very sensitive and selective toward detecting the Cu2+ ions, even when the Cu2+ co-exist with other metal ions. The EDTA addition has significantly reversed the upconversion emission quenching by forming the EDTA-Cu2+ complex based on their greater affinity toward the Cu2+. Therefore, the PAA-UCNPs based sensor can be a promising candidate for Cu2+ detection because of their higher sensitivity and selectivity under 980 nm NIR excitation.
Weibin Zhang, Chunhua Zhu, Fangnan Xiao, Xiaodong Liu, Anhua Xie, Fangman Chen, Panpan Dong, Pingdong Lin, Chenyang Zheng, Hong Zhang, Hui Gong, Yunkun Wu, Frontiers in Immunology, 12, 2021
The development of effective vaccines and delivery systems in aquaculture is a long-term challenge for controlling emerging and reemerging infections. Cost-efficient and advanced nanoparticle vaccines are of tremendous applicability in prevention of infectious diseases of fish. In this study, dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLDH) antigens of Vibrio alginolyticus were loaded into mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) to compose the vaccine delivery system. Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate (HP55) was coated to provide protection of immunogen. The morphology, loading capacity, acid-base triggered release were characterized and the toxicity of nanoparticle vaccine was determined in vitro. Further, the vaccine immune effects were evaluated in large yellow croaker via oral administration. In vitro studies confirmed that the antigen could be stable in enzymes-rich artificial gastric fluid and released under artificial intestinal fluid environment. In vitro cytotoxicity assessment demonstrated the vaccines within 120 μg/ml have good biocompatibility for large yellow croaker kidney cells. Our data confirmed that the nanoparticle vaccine in vivo could elicit innate and adaptive immune response, and provide good protection against Vibrio alginolyticus challenge. The MSN delivery system prepared may be a potential candidate carrier for fish vaccine via oral administration feeding. Further, we provide theoretical basis for developing convenient, high-performance, and cost-efficient vaccine against infectious diseases in aquaculture.
Stephanie Seré, Ulrique Vounckx, Jin Won Seo, Ilse Lenaerts, Stefaan Van Gool, Jean-Pierre Locquet, Frontiers in Nanotechnology, 2, 2020
Nanomaterials are increasingly valued tools in drug delivery research as they offer enhanced stability, controlled release and more effective drug encapsulation. Though yet to be introduced in clinical trial, mesoporous silica nanoparticles are promising delivery systems, due to their high chemical and mechanical stability while remaining biodegradable. This work provides proof of concept for particle based vaccines as cost-effective alternatives for dendritic cell immunotherapy. Synthesis and surface chemistry of the nanoparticles are optimized for protein conjugation and nanoparticles are characterized for their physicochemical properties and biodegradation. Ovalbumin is used as a model protein to load nanoparticles to produce a nanovaccine. The vaccine is tested in vitro on dendritic cultures to verify particle and vaccine uptake, toxicity, maturation effects and explicitly ovalbumin cross-presentation on MHC class I molecules. The optimized synthesis protocol renders reproducible mesoporous silica nanoparticles, resistant against agglomeration, within the required size range and have carboxylic surface functionalization necessary for protein conjugation. They are biodegradable over a time span of 1 week. This period is adjustable by changing synthesis parameters. UV sterilization of the particles does not induce quality loss, nor does it have toxic effects on cells. Treatment with mesoporous silica nanoparticles increases expression of MHC and costimulatory molecules of dendritic cells, indicating an adjuvant effect of nanoparticles on the adaptive immune system. Nanovaccine uptake and cross-presentation of ovalbumin are observed and the latter is increased when delivered by nanoparticles as compared to control conditions. This confirms the large potential of mesoporous silica nanoparticle based vaccines to replace dendritic-based active specific immunotherapy, offering a more standardized production process and higher efficacy.
Yue Wang, Meng Li, Qixing Zhou, Qin Wang, Xingyuan Zhang, Dongmei Sun, Yawen Tang, Frontiers in Nanotechnology, 3, 2021
The rational design of cost-effective and highly efficient catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is vastly desirable for advanced renewable energy conversion and storage systems. Tailoring the composition and architecture of electrocatalysts is a reliable approach for improving their catalytic performance. Herein, we developed hierarchical ultra-thin Co nanosheets coupled with N-doped carbon plate (Co-NS@NCP) as an efficient OER catalyst through a feasible and easily scalable NaCl template method. The rapid dissolution-recrystallization-carbonization synthesis process allows Co nanosheets to self-assemble into plenty of secondary building units and to distribute uniformly on N-doped carbon plate. Benefitting from the vertically aligned Co nanosheet arrays and hierarchical architecture, the obtained Co-NS@NCP possess an extremely high specific surface area up to 446.49 m2 g−1, which provides sufficient exposed active sites, excellent structure stability, and multidimensional mass transfer channels. Thus, the Co-NS@NCP affords remarkable electrocatalytic performance for OER in an alkaline medium with a low overpotential of only 278 mV at 10 mA cm−2, a small Tafel slope, as well as robust electrocatalytic stability for long-term electrolysis operation. The present findings here emphasize a rational and promising perspective for designing high-efficiency non-precious electrocatalysts for the OER process and sustainable energy storage and conversion system.
Xiaoyang Liu, Haodan Pan, Chuang Guo, Xiaojing Di, Hongxiang Hu, Scanning, 2020, 1-14, 2020
Shale ash (SA) as the carrier, the ratio of Cu to Ni in the Cu-Ni transition metal salt being, respectively, 1 : 0, 2 : 1, 1 : 1, 1 : 2, 0 : 1, the double transition metal salt catalyst (CumNin/SA) was prepared to explore the effect of such catalysts on the pyrolysis behavior and characteristics of Fushun OS. The research results show that the temperature ( T max ) corresponding to the maximum weight loss rate decreased by 12.9°C, 4.0°C, and 3.6°C; and the apparent activation energy decreased by 35.2%, 33.9%, and 29.6%, respectively, after adding catalysts Cu0Ni1/SA in pyrolysis. The addition of Cu0Ni1/SA and Cu2Ni1/SA further improves the shale oil (SO) yield of 3.5% and 3.1%, respectively. Cu0Ni1/SA produces more aromatic hydrocarbons, which, however, weakens the stability of SO and is of toxicity in use. After analyzing the pyrolysis product—semicoke (SC) and SO—with ATR-FTIR and GC-MS methods, CumNin/SA promotes the secondary cracking and aromatization of OS pyrolysis, increasing the content of the compound of olefins and aromatics in SO, and hastening the decomposition of long-chain aliphatic hydrocarbons to short-chain aliphatic hydrocarbons.
Longna Li, Yuhao Liu, Shu Wang, Jianxin Zou, Wenjiang Ding, Wenbiao Shen, Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, 2020
Magnesium hydride (MgH2) is a promising solid-state hydrogen source with high storage capacity (7.6 wt%). Although it is recently established that MgH2 has potential applications in medicine because it sustainably supplies hydrogen gas (H2), the biological functions of MgH2 in plants have not been observed yet. Also, the slow reaction kinetics restricts its practical applications. In this report, MgH2 (98% purity; 0.5–25 μm size) was firstly used as a hydrogen generation source for postharvest preservation of flowers. Compared with the direct hydrolysis of MgH2 in water, the efficiency of hydrogen production from MgH2 hydrolysis could be greatly improved when the citrate buffer solution is introduced. These results were further confirmed in the flower vase experiment by showing higher efficiency in increasing the production and the residence time of H2 in solution, compared with hydrogen-rich water. Mimicking the response of hydrogen-rich water and sodium hydrosulfide (a hydrogen sulfide donor), subsequent experiments discovered that MgH2-citrate buffer solution not only stimulated hydrogen sulfide (H2S) synthesis but also significantly prolonged the vase life of cut carnation flowers. Meanwhile, redox homeostasis was reestablished, and the increased transcripts of representative senescence-associated genes, including DcbGal and DcGST1, were partly abolished. By contrast, the discussed responses were obviously blocked by the inhibition of endogenous H2S with hypotaurine, an H2S scavenger. These results clearly revealed that MgH2-supplying H2 could prolong the vase life of cut carnation flowers via H2S signaling, and our results, therefore, open a new window for the possible application of hydrogen-releasing materials in agriculture.
Chun-Ta Yu, Fu-Ming Wang, Yen-Ting Liu, Alvin Kai-Xing Lee, Tsung-Li Lin, Yi-Wen Chen, Applied Sciences, 10, 2168 (6), 2020
Cell-encapsulated bioscaffold is a promising and novel method to allow fabrication of live functional organs for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. However, traditional fabrication methods of 3D scaffolds and cell-laden hydrogels still face many difficulties and challenges. This study uses a newer 3D fabrication technique and the concept of recycling of an unutilized resource to fabricate a novel scaffold for bone tissue engineering. In this study, fish-extracted gelatin was incorporated with bioactive ceramic for bone tissue engineering, and with this we successfully fabricated a novel fish gelatin methacrylate (FG) polymer hydrogel mixed with strontium-doped calcium silicate powder (FGSr) 3D scaffold via photo-crosslinking. Our results indicated that the tensile strength of FGSr was almost 2.5-fold higher as compared to FG thus making it a better candidate for future clinical applications. The in-vitro assays illustrated that the FGSr scaffolds showed good biocompatibility with human Wharton jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJMSC), as well as enhancing the osteogenesis differentiation of WJMSC. The WJMSC-laden FGSr 3D scaffolds expressed a higher degree of alkaline phosphatase activity than those on cell-laden FG 3D scaffolds and this result was further proven with the subsequent calcium deposition results. Therefore, these results showed that 3D-printed cell-laden FGSr scaffolds had enhanced mechanical property and osteogenic-related behavior that made for a more suitable candidate for future clinical applications.
Wenxin Ji, Shiyue Zhang, Pengde Zhao, Shasha Zhang, Ning Feng, Liping Lan, Xiaoguang Zhang, Yonggang Sun, Yuanyuan Li, Yulong Ma, Applied Sciences, 10, 2694 (8), 2020
In view of the current and urgent environmental protection needs, the use of industrial solid waste in China’s Ningdong is becoming more and more important. In this paper, NaP zeolite with good physical properties is synthesized by using coal gasification coarse slag (CGCS) as the raw material, without the addition of a silicon and aluminum source, without the addition of a template agent, and without high-temperature calcination. Add a small amount of NaOH and deionized water to the CGCS to adjust the molar ratio to SiO2:Al2O3:Na2O:H2O = 5.2:1.0:5.0:100. The effects of aging time, crystallization temperature, and crystallization time parameters on synthetic zeolite were studied. The raw materials and the obtained zeolite were tested by XRF, XRD, SEM, FT-IR, TG-DSC, BET, and other technologies. The results show that the specific surface area of the synthesized NaP zeolite can reach 161.06 m2/g, which has the characteristics of large specific surface area, regular morphology, and high crystallinity. We obtained NaP zeolite through a simple and low-cost synthesis method. The synthesized NaP zeolite was used to simulate the removal of ammonia nitrogen in wastewater, and the optimal removal rate was 92.67%. Among them, Na+ plays an important role in the synthesis of NaP zeolite and ion exchange with NH4+. Our research provides new ideas for solving the large-scale accumulation of CGCS and treating ammonia nitrogen in industrial wastewater. Thus, it is a promising green environmental protection and “treating waste by waste” route.
Jie Cen, Ning Zhang, Hualei Hu, Nan Yao, Zhengjia Li, Linyan Yang, Feng Feng, Chunshan Lu, Xiaonian Li, Catalysts, 10, 693 (6), 2020
The major challenge in the production of xylene from benzene alkylation with methanol is to avoid the side reaction of methanol with olefins, and this leads to the low utilization efficiency of methanol and the generation of byproduct ethylbenzene. Hierarchical porous Ti-ZSM-5 with appropriate acidity was achieved by substituting part of Al by Ti in the synthesis process, which exhibited the high utilization efficiency of methanol and high suppression of the ethylbenzene formation by the efficient suppression of methanol to olefins.
A. Luna-Flores, M.A. Morales, R. Agustín-Serrano, R. Portillo, J.A. Luna-López, G.F. Pérez-Sánchez, A.D. Hernández-de la Luz, N. Tepale, Catalysts, 9, 817 (10), 2019
In this work, a novel route is discussed to produce in one step ZnO/Burkeite powders by the modified solution combustion method. The ZnO particles enhance the photocatalytic activity in the degradation of Rhodamine B, in which Burkeite mineral acts as a support due to the pH-dependent morphology of the particle aggregates of the as-synthesized powders. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) characterization shows the presence of a heterostructure: ZnO/Burkeite. The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) image shows a morphological dependence with the pH of the solution used for the synthesis. The results show that the system with the highest degradation (92.4%) corresponds to the case in which ZnO/Burkeite heterostructure was synthesized with a pH 11.
Feidias Bairamis, Ioannis Konstantinou, Dimitrios Petrakis, Tiverios Vaimakis, Catalysts, 9, 880 (11), 2019
TiO2/g-C3N4 (GNT) fibers with 1%, 2.5% and 5% (wt%) ratios have been synthesized via one-step electrospinning using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) polymer. Results showed mesoporous fibrous catalysts consisted of anatase (80.0–85.1%) and rutile phase (14.9–20.0%), with diameter between 200–300 nm and band gap lower than 3.0 eV confirming the absorption shift to visible-light region. The formation of •OH radicals and methylene blue dye degradation increases as the g-C3N4 doping percent also increases, following the trend ΤiO2 < GNT1% ≈ GNT2.5% < GNT5%. A z-scheme mechanism is attributed to the photocatalytic performance confirming the potential for green chemistry and environmental technology applications.
Dongmei Wang, Xiaowei Zhang, Xinyu Wang, Zhuang Leng, Qianqian Yang, Wen Ji, Hai Lin, Fanming Zeng, Chun Li, Zhongmin Su, Crystals, 10, 1019 (11), 2020
Herein, we report on the growth of Cr4+–Li2CaGeO4 crystals by the flux growth method from the flux of LiCl, as well as on the effect of doping Li2CaGeO4 with Cr4+ ions on the NIR region spectral properties and crystal structure. The results quantified the occupancy of Cr4+ in Ge4+ sites. The emission spectrum presented broad bands in the NIR region, i.e., 1000–1500 nm excited by 980 nm, with maximum peaks at 1200 nm at room temperature caused by the transition of 3T2→3A2 in Cr4+ ions. The lifetime decreased with the Cr4+ ion doping concentration, specifically from 14.038 to 12.224 ms. The chemical composition and the valence state of chromium in Li2CaGeO4 were analyzed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, which showed that the chromium in Li2CaGeO4 was tetravalent and no trivalent chromium was found. Therefore, the Cr4+–Li2CaGeO4 crystal has a great potential and future in optical applications.
Hongxia Cao, Wenyuan Wang, Tianlei Cui, Hongyan Wang, Guang Zhu, Xiangkun Ren, Energies, 13, 2235 (9), 2020
Using renewable H2 for CO2 hydrogenation to methane not only achieves CO2 utilization, but also mitigates the greenhouse effect. In this work, several Ni-based catalysts with V species using 3D-mesoporous KIT-6 (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, KIT) as support were prepared at different contents of NiO and V2O5. Small Ni nanoparticles with high dispersibility on 20Ni-0.5V/KIT-6 were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD), TEM and hydrogen temperature-programmed desorption (H2-TPD) analysis, which promoted the production of more Ni active sites for enhancing catalytic activity for CO2 methanation. Moreover, TEM and hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) characterizations confirmed that a proper amount of Ni and V species was favorable to preserve the 3D-mesoporous structure and strengthen the interaction between active Ni and KIT-6. The synergistic effect between Ni and V could strengthen surface basicity to elevate the ability of CO2 activity on the 20Ni-0.5V/KIT-6. In addition, a strong interaction with the 3D-mesoporous structure allowed active Ni to be firmly anchored onto the catalyst surface, which was accountable for improving catalytic activity and stability. These results revealed that 20Ni-0.5V/KIT-6 was a catalyst with superior catalytic activity and stability, which was considered as a promising candidate for CO2 hydrogenation to methane.
Amin Nozariasbmarz, Daryoosh Vashaee, Energies, 13, 4524 (17), 2020
Depending on the application of bismuth telluride thermoelectric materials in cooling, waste heat recovery, or wearable electronics, their material properties, and geometrical dimensions should be designed to optimize their performance. Recently, thermoelectric materials have gained a lot of interest in wearable electronic devices for body heat harvesting and cooling purposes. For efficient wearable electronic devices, thermoelectric materials with optimum properties, i.e., low thermal conductivity, high Seebeck coefficient, and high thermoelectric figure-of-merit (zT) at room temperature, are demanded. In this paper, we investigate the effect of glass inclusion, microwave processing, and annealing on the synthesis of high-performance p-type (BixSb1−x)2Te3 nanocomposites, optimized specially for body heat harvesting and body cooling applications. Our results show that glass inclusion could enhance the room temperature Seebeck coefficient by more than 10% while maintaining zT the same. Moreover, the combination of microwave radiation and post-annealing enables a 25% enhancement of zT at room temperature. A thermoelectric generator wristband, made of the developed materials, generates 300 μW power and 323 mV voltage when connected to the human body. Consequently, MW processing provides a new and effective way of synthesizing p-type (BixSb1−x)2Te3 alloys with optimum transport properties.
Min Wei, Fu Yang, Xuyan Song, Ran Li, Xi Pan, Qiang Gao, Yunlu He, Mingqiao Ye, Hongyun Hu, Energies, 13, 4619 (18), 2020
Alkaloids, typical nitrogen compounds, were found to be abundant in tobacco waste. The recovery of alkaloids from tobacco waste for biological pesticides could reduce the use of traditional chemical pesticides and avoid the pollution of farmland by the leaching of alkaloids from tobacco waste. Considering the fact that alkaloids can easily volatilize, thermal treatment is expected to be a potential technology to achieve the release and recovery of alkaloids from tobacco waste. For better understanding of conversion behavior of nitrogen-containing compounds in tobacco waste during thermal treatment, purge/trap-GC/MS (gas chromatography mass spectrometry), PY-GC/MS (pyrolysis-gas chromatography mass spectrometry), and fixed-bed/ATD-GC/MS (auto-thermal desorption gas chromatography mass spectrometry) were adopted to detect the ingredients and concentration of nitrogen-containing compounds in tobacco waste and/or volatiles. The results of purge/trap-GC/MS showed that nitrogen-containing compounds in tobacco waste could be effectively evaporated at 180 °C in the forms of N-benzyl-N-ethyl-P-isopropyl benzamide, 2-Amino-4-methylphenol, or N-butyl-tert-butylamine. Specifically, N-benzyl-N-ethyl-P-isopropyl benzamide was the main nitrogenous compound in the volatiles of tobacco wastes accordingly. (S)-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl) pyridine was dominant in N-compounds in pyrolysis condition according to the results of Py-GC/MS. In air atmosphere, with the heating temperature increasing, the concentration of main (S)-3-(1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl) pyridine was firstly increased and then decreased. Besides, the interactions between the released volatiles could be accelerated at a high temperature. Accordingly, these findings suggested that pyrolysis under proper conditions could effectively promote the extraction of alkaloids from tobacco waste.
Xuyan Song, Min Wei, Qiang Gao, Xi Pan, Junpeng Yang, Fan Wu, Hongyun Hu, Energies, 13, 6202 (23), 2020
The condensation-collection and quantitative analysis of bio-oil limit its component investigation and utilization. In order to find a convenient method for the analysis of bio-oil, the present study conducted an attempt for bio-oil quantitative analysis with the addition of internal standards before pyrolysis. Based on their good thermal stability, phenethyl acetate and naphthalene were selected as standards in the study and experiments were carried out to compare the effects of two added modes (adding into the biowaste before pyrolysis or adding into bio-oil after pyrolysis) on the bio-oil analysis. The results showed that both phenethyl acetate and naphthalene were mainly volatilized under testing conditions, which could be transferred into the oil with the volatile matters during biowaste pyrolysis. Through the co-pyrolysis experiments of the internal standards with lignin and cellulose, almost no interactions were found between the internal standards and such components. Furthermore, adding these standards before pyrolysis hardly affected the properties of noncondensable gas and biochar from the used biowaste samples (tobacco and sawdust waste). Compared with the bio-oil analysis results via traditional methods by adding standards into the bio-oil after pyrolysis, the results regarding the component distribution characteristics of the bio-oil were similar using the proposed method through the addition of standards before pyrolysis. Considering adequate mixing of the added standards (before pyrolysis) in the generated bio-oil, the proposed method could partly help to avoid inaccurate analysis of bio-oil components caused by incomplete collection of the pyrolytic volatiles.
Ming-Ming Zhu, Ze-Yu Peng, Sen Lu, Hong-Ju He, Zhuang-Li Kang, Han-Jun Ma, Sheng-Ming Zhao, Zheng-Rong Wang, Foods, 9, 26 (1), 2019
Physicochemical changes and protein denaturation were evaluated for pork longissimus dorsi muscle subjected to different thawing methods. Fresh pork longissimus dorsi muscle served as a control. Microwave (MT), microwave combined with ultrasonic (MUT), microwave combined with 35 °C water immersion (MIT), microwave combined with 4 °C refrigeration (MRT), microwave combined with air convection (MAT), and microwave combined with running water (MWT) were applied. All microwave-based methods excepted for MT avoided localized overheating. The changes in the water holding capacity (WHC), color, TBARS, and protein solubility were lowest with MAT. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic rheological property measurements indicated, that the MAT samples changed only slightly and presented with complete peaks and high G′ values compared with the other treatments. Thus, MAT may reduce protein denaturation associated with meat thawing. The results of this study indicated that MAT effectively shortens thawing time, preserves meat quality and uniformity, and could benefit the meat industry and those who consume its products.
Ludmila Motelica, Denisa Ficai, Anton Ficai, Roxana-Doina Truşcă, Cornelia-Ioana Ilie, Ovidiu-Cristian Oprea, Ecaterina Andronescu, Foods, 9, 1801 (12), 2020
New packaging materials based on biopolymers are gaining increasing attention due to many advantages like biodegradability or existence of renewable sources. Grouping more antimicrobials agents in the same packaging can create a synergic effect, resulting in either a better antimicrobial activity against a wider spectrum of spoilage agents or a lower required quantity of antimicrobials. In the present work, we obtained a biodegradable antimicrobial film that can be used as packaging material for food. Films based on chitosan as biodegradable polymer, with ZnO and Ag nanoparticles as filler/antimicrobial agents were fabricated by a casting method. The nanoparticles were loaded with citronella essential oil (CEO) in order to enhance the antimicrobial activity of the nanocomposite films. The tests made on Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and fungal strains indicated a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, with inhibition diameters of over 30 mm for bacterial strains and over 20 mm for fungal strains. The synergic effect was evidenced by comparing the antimicrobial results with chitosan/ZnO/CEO or chitosan/Ag/CEO simple films. According to the literature and our preliminary studies, these formulations are suitable as coating for fruits. The obtained nanocomposite films presented lower water vapor permeability values when compared with the chitosan control film. The samples were characterized by SEM, fluorescence and UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR spectroscopy and microscopy, and thermal analysis.
Mayowa Oladele Agunbiade, Carolina Pohl, Esta Van Heerden, Oluwaseun Oyekola, Anofi Ashafa, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16, 3337 (18), 2019
This study evaluated the potential of a biopolymeric flocculant produced by Terrabacter sp. isolated from Sterkfontein Dam, South Africa. Microbial flocculants aid the aggregation of suspended solutes in solutions, thus, suggesting its alternative application to inorganic and synthetic organic flocculants, which are associated with health-related problems. The 16S rDNA analysis revealed the bacteria to have 98% similarity to Terrabacter sp. MUSC78T and the sequence was deposited in the Genbank as Terrabacter sp. with accession number KF682157.1. A series of experimental parameters such as bioflocculant dosage, cations concentrations, pH, and application of the purified bioflocculant in wastewaters treatment were investigated. In the presence of glucose as a sole carbon source, Ca2+ as cation at pH 8, the optimal flocculating activity attained was 85%. Optimum bioflocculant dosage of 0.5 mg/mL was able to remove chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), suspended solids (SS), nitrate, and turbidity in dairy wastewater. In addition, the tested bioflocculant exhibited higher flocculating efficiency as compared to polyaluminum chloride, polyethylenime, and alum. Inductible coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) analyses confirmed significant removal of 77.7% Fe, 74.8% Al, 61.9% Mn, and 57.6% Zn as representatives of heavy metals from treated dairy wastewater. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) indicated the presence of carboxyl, hydroxyl, and amino groups in the purified bioflocculant which could be responsible for flocculation. Findings from this study showed the prospect of the studied bioflocculant as an alternative candidate in wastewater treatment and remediating of heavy metals.
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