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Micromeritics Tristar II
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Description
surface area and porosity analyser, surface area, analyzer, absorption analyser
This model was found at
382 locations
The model is used in
41 countries
Usage per year (up to 2020)
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79 related research fields
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About the Micromeritics Tristar II

The model Micromeritics Tristar II was found in 382 unique locations in 41 countries where it was mentioned from 2010 until recentlyIt is used by scientists in various research fields such as General Materials Science, General Chemistry, General Chemical Engineering, Catalysis, and Physical and Theoretical Chemistry. The model is also used in General Physics and Astronomy, Organic Chemistry, Condensed Matter Physics, Pharmaceutical Science, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Polymers and Plastics, Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment, General Medicine, Environmental Chemistry, Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials, Biochemistry, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Bioengineering, Fuel Technology, Inorganic Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Molecular Medicine, Drug Discovery, Chemistry, General Engineering, Energy Engineering and Power Technology, Materials Chemistry, Surfaces, Coatings and Films, Biomaterials, and Mechanics of Materials.
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Research that uses the Micromeritics Tristar II

Griffin A. Burk, Amali Herath, Glenn B. Crisler, David Bridges, Shivani Patel, Charles U. Pittman, Todd Mlsna, Frontiers in Environmental Science, 8, 2020
Gasifier Biochar (GBC) and Chitosan-Coated Gasifier Biochar (CGBC) derived from pine wood was used to remove Cu2+ and Cd2+ from water. Chitosan-Coated Gasifier Biochar was made by mixing GBC with aqueous acetic acid chitosan solution followed by treatment with NaOH. Both CGBC and GBC were characterized using FT-IR, scanning electron microscopy, surface area measurement (BET), elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and point of zero charge. Chitosan accounts for 25% of the weight of the CGBC. Thermogravimetric analysis showed chitosan decomposes sharply at 225–270°C and then more slowly thereafter. The BET surface areas of GBC and CGBC were 34.1 and 4.61 m2/g, respectively. Batch adsorption studies performed at pH values of 2–5 followed Cu2+ and Cd2+ adsorption quantitatively using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Sorption was evaluated using the Freundlich, Langmuir, and Sips isotherm models. Cu2+ adsorption on CGBC fit best the Sips model (capacity 111.5 mg/g) and Cd2+ with the Langmuir model (capacity 85.8 mg/g). Langmuir adsorption capacities on GBC were 83.7 and 68.6 mg/g for Cu2+ and Cd2+ respectively. CGBC removed more Cu2+(25.8 mg/g) and Cd2+(17.2 mg/g) than GBC because chitosan modification generates amine coordination sites that enhance metal adsorption. Adsorption on CGBC and GBC of both metal ions followed pseudo-second order kinetics.
Bo Liu, Yifei Gao, Kouqi Liu, Jinzhong Liu, Mehdi Ostadhassan, Tong Wu, Xianli Li, Energy Exploration & Exploitation, 39, 761-778 (3), 2021
In order to understand the pore structures of the Middle Jurassic Xishanyao Formation in the Junggar Basin, 11 shale samples from a single well were picked and were subjected to several analyses including mineralogy, (programmed) Rock-Eval pyrolysis for geochemical and N2 adsorption for pore structure analysis. The results showed that the mean value of total organic carbon (TOC) content of these samples is around 1.54% while Tmax varies between 429 to 443°C, indicating they are in the oil window. Mineral assemblages of the samples is mainly quartz and clay (illite, chlorite and kaolinite). Moreover, negative correlations between the K-feldspar/plagioclase and micro-mesopore volume was found, depicting that few of such pore sizes exist in these two abundant minerals. In contrast, micro, meso and macro pores all were detected in clay minerals. Particularly, the pores with radii of around 5.35 nm were abundant in clay minerals and there was not a robust relationship between the organic matter, surface area and pore volume. Finally, fractal analysis was performed to better delineate heterogenous characteristics of pore structures which showed that D2 (representing the larger pores) is greater than D1 (smaller pores). In addition, the differences between the fractal dimensions of the adsorption and desorption (D2d–D2a) branches to better interpret the hysteresis, was defined. The positive correlation between the (D2d–D2a) and the meso-macro pore volume, pointed out that the meso-macro condensation is the main reason for hysteresis that was observed in N2 adsorption experiments in the Xishanyao Shale samples.
Eun-Sol Ha, Woo-Yong Sim, Seon-Kwang Lee, Ji-Su Jeong, Jeong-Soo Kim, In-hwan Baek, Du Hyung Choi, Heejun Park, Sung-Joo Hwang, Min-Soo Kim, Antioxidants, 8, 554 (11), 2019
We created composite nanoparticles containing hydrophilic additives using a supercritical antisolvent (SAS) process to increase the solubility and dissolution properties of trans-resveratrol for application in oral and skin delivery. Physicochemical properties of trans-resveratrol-loaded composite nanoparticles were characterized. In addition, an in vitro dissolution–permeation study, an in vivo pharmacokinetic study in rats, and an ex vivo skin permeation study in rats were performed. The mean particle size of all the composite nanoparticles produced was less than 300 nm. Compared to micronized trans-resveratrol, the trans-resveratrol/hydroxylpropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC)/poloxamer 407 (1:4:1) nanoparticles with the highest flux (0.792 μg/min/cm2) exhibited rapid absorption and showed significantly higher exposure 4 h after oral administration. Good correlations were observed between in vitro flux and in vivo pharmacokinetic data. The increased solubility and flux of trans-resveratrol generated by the HPMC/surfactant nanoparticles increased the driving force on the gastrointestinal epithelial membrane and rat skin, resulting in enhanced oral and skin delivery of trans-resveratrol. HPMC/surfactant nanoparticles produced by an SAS process are, thus, a promising formulation method for trans-resveratrol for healthcare products (owing to their enhanced absorption via oral administration) and for skin application with cosmetic products.
Eun-Sol Ha, Heejun Park, Seon-Kwang Lee, Woo-Yong Sim, Ji-Su Jeong, In-hwan Baek, Min-Soo Kim, Antioxidants, 9, 342 (4), 2020
The aim of this study was to prepare pure trans-resveratrol nanoparticles without additives (surfactants, polymers, and sugars) using a supercritical antisolvent (SAS) process with alcohol (methanol or ethanol) and dichloromethane mixtures. In addition, in order to investigate the effect of particle size on the dissolution and oral bioavailability of the trans-resveratrol, two microparticles with different sizes (1.94 μm and 18.75 μm) were prepared using two different milling processes, and compared to trans-resveratrol nanoparticles prepared by the SAS process. The solid-state properties of pure trans-resveratrol particles were characterized. By increasing the percentage of dichloromethane in the solvent mixtures, the mean particle size of trans-resveratrol was decreased, whereas its specific surface area was increased. The particle size could thus be controlled by solvent composition. Trans-resveratrol nanoparticle with a mean particle size of 0.17 μm was prepared by the SAS process using the ethanol/dichloromethane mixture at a ratio of 25/75 (w/w). The in vitro dissolution rate of trans-resveratrol in fasted state-simulated gastric fluid was significantly improved by the reduction of particle size, resulting in enhanced oral bioavailability in rats. The absolute bioavailability of trans-resveratrol nanoparticles was 25.2%. The maximum plasma concentration values were well correlated with the in vitro dissolution rate. These findings clearly indicate that the oral bioavailability of trans-resveratrol can be enhanced by preparing pure trans-resveratrol nanoparticles without additives (surfactants, polymers, and sugars) by the SAS process. These pure trans-resveratrol nanoparticles can be applied as an active ingredient for the development of health supplements, pharmaceutical products, and cosmetic products.
Yong-Keun Choi, Ranjit Gurav, Hyung Joo Kim, Yung-Hun Yang, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Applied Sciences, 10, 2982 (9), 2020
Rapid development in the printing and dying industry produces large amounts of wastewater, and its discharge in the environment causes pollution. Keeping in view the carcinogenic and mutagenic properties of various dyes, it is important to treat dyed wastewater. Maple leaf biochars were produced at different pyrolysis temperatures, i.e., 350 °C, 550 °C, and 750 °C, characterized for physicochemical properties and used for the removal of cationic (methylene blue (MB)) and anionic dye (congo red (CR)). Response surface methodology (RSM) using three variables, i.e., pH (4, 7, and 10), pyrolysis temperature (350 °C, 550 °C, and 750 °C), and adsorption temperature (20 °C, 30 °C, and 40 °C), was designed to find the optimum condition for dyes removal. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed an increase in CaCO3 crystallinity and a decrease in MgCO3 crystallinity with the increase of pyrolysis temperature. RSM design results showed that maple biochar showed maximum adsorption capacity for cationic dye at higher pH (9–10) and for anionic dye at pH 4-6, respectively. Under the selected condition of pH 7 and an adsorption temperature of 30 °C, biochar MB550 was able to remove MB and CR by 68% and 74%, respectively, from dye mixtures. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses showed that MB550 was able to remove both dyes simultaneously from the aqueous mixtures.
Ahmed A. Ibrahim, Ahmed S. Al-Fatesh, Nadavala Siva Kumar, Ahmed E. Abasaeed, Samsudeen O. Kasim, Anis H. Fakeeha, Catalysts, 10, 242 (2), 2020
Dry reforming of methane (DRM) was studied in the light of Ni supported on 8%PO4 + ZrO2 catalysts. Cerium was used to modify the Ni active metal. Different percentage loadings of Ce (1%, 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3%, and 5%) were tested. The wet incipient impregnation method was used for the preparation of all catalysts. The catalysts were activated at 700 °C for ½ h. The reactions were performed at 800 °C using a gas hourly space velocity of 28,000 mL (h·gcat)−1. X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 physisorption, hydrogen temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR), temperature programmed oxidation (TPO), temperature programmed desorption (TPD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used for characterizing the catalysts. The TGA analysis depicted minor amounts of carbon deposition. The CO2-TPD results showed that Ce enhanced the basicity of the catalysts. The 3% Ce loading possessed the highest surface area, the largest pore volume, and the greatest pore diameter. All the promoted catalysts enhanced the conversions of CH4 and CO2. Among the promoted catalysts tested, the 10Ni + 3%Ce/8%PO4 + ZrO2 catalyst system operated at 1 bar and at 800 °C gave the highest conversions of CH4 (95%) and CO2 (96%). The stability profile of Cerium-modified catalysts (10%Ni/8%PO4 + ZrO2) depicted steady CH4 and CO2 conversions during the 7.5 h time on stream.
Yuguo Wang, Tieyue Qi, Mengxuan Hu, Yu Yang, Lei Xing, Lidong Wang, Catalysts, 10, 244 (2), 2020
Sulfite and heavy metals are crucial pollutants in the slurry produced by flue gas desulfurization. In this study, a novel cobalt-based activated carbon fiber (Co-ACFs) catalyst-adsorbent was synthesized using an impregnation method; this bifunctional catalyst-adsorbent was used in wet magnesia desulfurization for the simultaneous catalytic oxidation of magnesium sulfite and uptake of heavy metal (Hg2+, Cd2+, and Ni2+) ions. The morphology and surface chemistry of ACFs before and after cobalt loading were investigated using various characterization methods. The kinetics on catalytic oxidation of magnesium sulfite was investigated, and the effects of operation conditions on the simultaneous adsorption capacity of heavy metals were examined. Relative to a non-catalysis material, the 40% Co-ACFs material increased the oxidation rate of magnesium sulfite by more than five times. The Langmuir model can describe the adsorption behavior of Co-ACFs on Hg2+, Cd2+, and Ni2+, indicating that the simultaneous uptake of heavy metals is a single-layer adsorption process. The maximum adsorption capacities for Hg2+, Cd2+, and Ni2+ are 333.3, 500, and 52.6 mg/g, respectively. A pseudo-second-order model confirmed that the removal of heavy metals is controlled by the chemisorption process.
Eduard Alexandru Morosanu, Fabio Salomone, Raffaele Pirone, Samir Bensaid, Catalysts, 10, 283 (3), 2020
Power to gas systems is one of the most interesting long-term energy storage solutions. As a result of the high exothermicity of the CO2 methanation reaction, the catalyst in the methanation subsystem is subjected to thermal stress. Therefore, the performance of a commercial Ni/Al2O3 catalyst was investigated over a series of 100 hour-long tests and in-process relevant conditions, i.e. 5 bar from 270 to 500 °C. Different characterization techniques were employed to determine the mechanism of the observed performance loss (N2 physisorption, XRD, TPO). The TPO analysis excluded carbon deposition as a possible cause of catalyst aging. The BET analysis evidenced a severe reduction in the total surface area for the catalyst samples tested at higher temperatures. Furthermore, a direct correlation was found between the catalyst activity decline and the drop of the catalyst specific surface. In order to correctly design a reliable methanation reactor, it is essential to have a kinetic model that includes also the aging kinetics. For this purpose, the second set of experiments was carried out, in order to determine the intrinsic kinetics of the catalyst. The kinetic parameters were identified by using nonlinear regression analysis. Finally, a power-law aging model was proposed to consider the performance loss in time.
Anis Hamza Fakeeha, Ahmed Sadeq Al-Fatesh, Jehad K. Abu-Dahrieh, Ahmed Aidid Ibrahim, Samsudeen Olajide Kasim, Ahmed Elhag Abasaeed, Catalysts, 10, 379 (4), 2020
In this paper, a comprehensive study was carried out on the application of perovskite catalyst in dry reforming of CH4. The perovskite catalyst was prepared using a sol–gel method. The prepared samples were characterized by N2 adsorption/desorption, TPR, XRD, CO2-TPD, TGA, TPO, Raman, and SEM techniques. In addition, the effect of operating pressure, namely, 1 bar, 3 bar, 5 bar, and 7 bar, temperature (500–800 °C) was evaluated. The characterization results indicated that catalysts operated at 1 bar, gas hourly space velocity of 84000 (mL/g/h) gave the best catalytic performance. CH4 and CO2 conversions of 77 and 80% were obtained at 1 bar and at 700 °C reaction temperature. The increase of reaction temperatures from 500 °C to 800 °C increased the reaction rate and hence the methane and carbon dioxide conversions were increased. A unity ratio of H2/CO was obtained at 1 bar for temperatures 600 °C and above. Similarly, the time on stream tests, obtained at a 700 °C reaction temperature, showed that the best ratio in terms of the closeness of unity and the stable profile could be attained when the pressure was set to 1 bar. The TGA analysis showed the drop of mass due to oxidation of carbon deposits, which started at 500 °C. The catalyst operated at 1 bar produced the least amount of carbon, equivalent to 35% weight loss, while the 3 and 5 bar operated catalysts generated carbon formation, equivalent to 65% weight loss. However, the 7 bar operated catalyst resulted the highest accumulation of carbon formation, equivalent to 83% weight reduction. Hence, the TGA profile indicated the relative carbon deposition on the catalyst, which was dependent of the operated pressure and hence confirmed the suitability operation pressure of 1 bar. The characterizations of the Raman, EDX, TGA, and TPO all presented the formation of carbon.
Roberto Fiorenza, Stefano Andrea Balsamo, Luisa D’Urso, Salvatore Sciré, Maria Violetta Brundo, Roberta Pecoraro, Elena Maria Scalisi, Vittorio Privitera, Giuliana Impellizzeri, Catalysts, 10, 446 (4), 2020
Three different Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) have been investigated for the degradation of the imidacloprid pesticide in water: photocatalysis, Fenton and photo-Fenton reactions. For these tests, we have compared the performance of two types of CeO2, employed as a non-conventional photocatalyst/Fenton-like material. The first one has been prepared by chemical precipitation with KOH, while the second one has been obtained by exposing the as-synthetized CeO2 to solar irradiation in H2 stream. This latter treatment led to obtain a more defective CeO2 (coded as “grey CeO2”) with the formation of Ce3+ sites on the surface of CeO2, as determined by Raman and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) characterizations. This peculiar feature has been demonstrated as beneficial for the solar photo–Fenton reaction, with the best performance exhibited by the grey CeO2. On the contrary, the bare CeO2 showed a photocatalytic activity higher with respect to the grey CeO2, due to the higher exposed surface area and the lower band-gap. The easy synthetic procedures of CeO2 reported here, allows to tune and modify the physico-chemical properties of CeO2, allowing a choice of different CeO2 samples on the basis of the specific AOPs for water remediation. Furthermore, neither of the samples have shown any critical toxicity.
Kyung Soo Park, Min Hye Jeong, Jong Wook Bae, Catalysts, 10, 461 (4), 2020
The synergetic effects of Co oxides on the Ni/CoAl (NCA) catalysts were observed at an optimal molar ratio of Al/Co = 2 (NCA(2)) due to the partial formations of thermally stable spinel CoAl2O4 phases for the steam reforming of propane (SRP). The optimal content of the spinel CoAl2O4 phases on the NCA(2) was responsible for the formation of the relatively active oxophilic metallic Co nanoparticles with a smaller amount of less active NiAl2O4 on the surfaces by preserving the relative amount of metallic Co of 68% and 52% in the reduced and used catalysts, which enhanced the catalytic activity and stability with the largest specific rate of 1.37 C3H8/(Ni + Co)h−1 among the tested NCA catalysts. The larger or smaller amounts of Co metal on the less active NCA mainly caused the preferential formation of larger aggregated Ni nanoparticles ~16 nm in size due to their weaker interactions, or induced the smaller formations of active metal phases by selectively forming the spinel NiAl2O4 phases with ~60% in the NCA(4), resulting in a fast deactivation.
Thai Giang Truong, Benjamin Rotonnelli, Mathilde Rieu, Jean-Paul Viricelle, Ioanna Kalaitzidou, Daniel Marinha, Laurence Burel, Angel Caravaca, Philippe Vernoux, Helena Kaper, Catalysts, 10, 729 (7), 2020
This study reports the catalytic properties of Ag nanoparticles dispersed on mixed ionic and electronic conducting layers of LSCF (La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3) for propene combustion. A commercial and a synthesized LSCF powder were deposited by screen-printing or spin-coating on dense yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) substrates, an oxygen ion conductor. Equal loadings (50 µg) of Ag nanoparticles were dispersed via drop-casting on the LSCF layers. Electrochemical and catalytic properties have been investigated up to 300 °C with and without Ag in a propene/oxygen feed. The Ag nanoparticles do not influence the electrochemical reduction of oxygen, suggesting that the rate-determining step is the charge transfer at the triple phase boundaries YSZ/LSCF/gas. The anodic electrochemical performances correlate well with the catalytic activity for propene oxidation. This suggests that the diffusion of promoting oxygen ions from YSZ via LSCF grains can take place toward Ag nanoparticles and promote their catalytic activity. The best specific catalytic activity, achieved for a LSCF catalytic layer prepared by screen-printing from the commercial powder, is 800 times higher than that of a pure Ag screen-printed film.
Lole Jurado, Nuria García-Moncada, Luis F. Bobadilla, Francisca Romero-Sarria, José A. Odriozola, Catalysts, 10, 841 (8), 2020
A conventional Pt/CeO2/Al2O3 catalyst physically mixed with an ionic conductor (Mo- or Eu-doped ZrO2) was tested at high space velocity (20,000 h−1 and 80 L h−1 gcat−1) under model conditions (only with CO and H2O) and industrial conditions, with a realistic feed. The promoted system with the ionic conductor physically mixed showed better catalytic activity associated with better water dissociation and mobility, considered as a rate-determining step. The water activation was assessed by operando diffuse reflectance infrared fourier transformed spectroscopy (DRIFTS) studies under reaction conditions and the Mo-containing ionic conductor exhibited the presence of both dissociated (3724 cm−1) and physisorbed (5239 cm−1) water on the Eu-doped ZrO2 solid solution, which supports the appearance of proton conductivity by Grotthuss mechanism. Moreover, the band at 3633 cm−1 ascribed to hydrated Mo oxide, which increases with the temperature, explains the increase of catalytic activity when the physical mixture was used in a water gas shift (WGS) reaction.
Dayan Chlala, Jean-Marc Giraudon, Madona Labaki, Jean-François Lamonier, Catalysts, 10, 1422 (12), 2020
An aqueous impregnation method using manganese (II) nitrate precursor, followed by calcination at 400 °C, was carried out for the preparation of manganese doped hydroxyapatite catalysts (MnxHap; x = Mn wt.%: 2.5, 5.0, 10, 20, and 30 based on MnO2). Methods of characterization including inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy (ICP), N2 physisorption, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier-Transform Transmission Infrared (FT-IR), Raman, and Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA/MS) analysis were used for the identification of Mn species and its surrounding environment. Raman spectroscopy indicated the presence of the ε-MnO2 phase for Mn20Hap and Mn30Hap in agreement with the XRD results and the presence of β-MnOOH species for Mn5Hap and Mn10Hap. The formaldehyde total oxidation was investigated on these catalysts and it was shown that Mn5Hap was the most active catalyst, achieving a normalized rate of formaldehyde (HCHO) conversion into CO2 per mole of Mn of 0.042 h−1 at a temperature of 145 °C. The well dispersed oxidized manganese species on Hap with a medium Mn AOS (average oxidation state) were mainly responsible for this performance. Since HCHO was retained on the surface of all catalysts during the catalytic test, the combined Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform spectroscopy (DRIFT) experiment at room temperature and thermodesorption (TD)-FTIR identified formate species as their oxidation consumed surface OH groups. A stability test and moisture effect study showed that the presence of water vapor has a beneficial effect on the performances of the catalyst.
Fahad A. Alharthi, Abdulaziz Ali Alghamdi, Hamdah S. Alanazi, Amjad Abdullah Alsyahi, Naushad Ahmad, Catalysts, 10, 1457 (12), 2020
In this study, we report the fabrication of graphitic carbon nitride doped zinc oxide nanocomposites, g-C3N4/ZnO, (Zn-Us) by using different amount of urea. They were further characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Raman, UV-vis, Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The prepared nanocomposites were used as photocatalysts for the mineralization of the light sensitive dyes Methylene Blue (MB) and Rose Bengal (RB) under UV light irradiation, and corresponding photo-mechanism was proposed. Benefiting from these photocatalytic characteristics, urea derived g-C3N4/ZnO photocatalysts have been found to have excellent photodegradation activity against the MB and RB for 6 h and 4 h, respectively. Under the given experimental conditions, the degradation percentage of fabricated Zn-Us were shown ~90% for both model dyes. Compared to cationic MB dye, anionic RB dye is more actively degraded on the surface of prepared photocatalysts. The results obtained can be effectively used for future practical applications in wastewater treatment
Farzeen Sakina, Carlos Fernandez-Ruiz, Jorge Bedia, Luisa Gomez-Sainero, Richard Baker, Catalysts, 11, 23 (1), 2020
Ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) was employed as a support for palladium nanoparticles in catalysts for the gas phase hydrodechlorination (HDC) of trichloromethane (TCM). 1 wt% palladium was incorporated using three methods: incipient wetness (IW); a dilute solution (DS) method; and a solid-liquid (SL) method. The effect of the preparation method on catalyst structure and activity was investigated. Catalyst composition and nanostructure were studied using gas physisorption, high specification transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Catalytic conversion and product selectivities were determined in steady-state activity tests at temperatures between 70 and 300 °C. Two of the catalysts (IW and DS) showed excellent dispersion of fine Pd nanoparticles of average diameter ~2 nm. These materials showed excellent activity for HDC of TCM which compares favourably with the performance reported for Pd on amorphous carbon catalysts. In addition, they showed relatively high selectivities to the more valuable higher hydrocarbons. However, the SL method gave rise to catalysts with larger particles (~3 nm) and a less uniform palladium distribution. This resulted in lower conversion and lower selectivities to higher hydrocarbons and in more severe catalyst deactivation at the highest reaction temperatures.
Li Li, Ye Wang, Qing Zhao, Changwei Hu, Catalysts, 11, 67 (1), 2021
A series of Ni-xSi/ZrO2 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.5, 1 wt%, the controlled contents of Si) catalysts with a controlled nickel content of 10 wt% were prepared by the co-impregnation method with ZrO2 as support and Si as a promoter. The effect of different amounts of Si on the catalytic performance was investigated for CO2 methanation with the stoichiometric H2/CO2 molar ratio (4/1). The catalysts were characterized by BET, XRF, H2-TPR, H2-TPD, H2-chemisorption, CO2-TPD, XRD, TEM, XPS, and TG-DSC. It was found that adding the appropriate amount of Si could improve the catalytic performance of Ni/ZrO2 catalyst at a low reaction temperature (250 °C). Among all the catalysts studied, the Ni-0.1Si/ZrO2 catalyst showed the highest catalytic activity, with H2 and CO2 conversion of 73.4% and 72.5%, respectively and the yield of CH4 was 72.2%. Meanwhile, the catalyst showed high stability and no deactivation within a 10 h test. Adding the appropriate amount of Si could enhance the interaction between Ni and ZrO2, and increase the Ni dispersion, the amounts of active sites including surface Ni0, oxygen vacancies, and strong basic sites on the catalyst surface. These might be the reasons for the high activity and selectivity of the Ni-0.1Si/ZrO2 catalyst.
Indu Ambat, Varsha Srivastava, Esa Haapaniemi, Mika Sillanpää, Catalysts, 9, 943 (11), 2019
The present work incorporates the synthesis of a multifunctional catalyst for the transesterification of waste cooking oil (WCO) to biodiesel and recovery of rare earth elements (REEs). For this purpose, TiO2 nanoparticles and TiO2 doped with lithium ions were prepared. The influence of lithium ions on the catalytic performance of TiO2 was attained by impregnation of the different molar ratios of lithium hydroxide to bare TiO2. Then each catalyst was screened for catalytic conversion of WCO to fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) and also for REEs recovery. All synthesized materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analysis, and Hammett indicator for the basicity test. The obtained biodiesel was characterized by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), 1H, and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Moreover, the physical parameters of the synthesized biodiesel were also determined. The REEs recovery efficiency of synthesized nanomaterials was investigated, and the percentage of REEs removal was determined by inductively-coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES).
Fohad Mabood Husain, Imran Hasan, Faizan Abul Qais, Rais Ahmad Khan, Pravej Alam, Ali Alsalme, Coatings, 10, 1190 (12), 2020
The unabated abuse of antibiotics has created a selection pressure that has resulted in the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) among pathogenic bacteria. AMR has become a global health concern in recent times and is responsible for a high number of mortalities occurring across the globe. Owing to the slow development of antibiotics, new chemotherapeutic antimicrobials with a novel mode of action is required urgently. Therefore, in the current investigation, we green synthesized a nanocomposite comprising zinc oxide nanoparticles functionalized with extracellular polysaccharide xanthan gum (ZnO@XG). Synthesized nanomaterial was characterized by structurally and morphologically using UV-visible spectroscopy, XRD, FTIR, BET, SEM and TEM. Subinhibitory concentrations of ZnO@XG were used to determine quorum sensing inhibitory activity against Gram-negative pathogens, Chromobacterium violaceum, and Serratia marcescens. ZnO@XG reduced quorum sensing (QS) regulated virulence factors such as violacein (61%), chitinase (70%) in C. violaceum and prodigiosin (71%) and protease (72%) in S. marcescens at 128 µg/mL concentration. Significant (p ≤ 0.05) inhibition of biofilm formation as well as preformed mature biofilms was also recorded along with the impaired production of EPS, swarming motility and cell surface hydrophobicity in both the test pathogens. The findings of this study clearly highlight the potency of ZnO@XG against the QS controlled virulence factors of drug-resistant pathogens that may be developed as effective inhibitors of QS and biofilms to mitigate the threat of multidrug resistance (MDR). ZnO@XG may be used alone or in combination with antimicrobial drugs against MDR bacterial pathogens. Further, it can be utilized in the food industry to counter the menace of contamination and spoilage caused by the formation of biofilms.
Abdulrhman S. Al-Awadi, Ahmed Mohamed El-Toni, Saeed M. Al-Zahrani, Ahmed E. Abasaeed, Aslam Khan, Crystals, 10, 322 (4), 2020
Ti modification of mesoporous silica support has been reported as an effective way to enhance Cr–Ti–Si interactions that, in turn, impact the catalytic dehydrogenation of ethane with CO2. However, such modification necessitates a repeated, time-consuming and tedious process. In this work, a simple, fast and facile approach has been utilized to synthesize chromium-oxide-loaded titania–silica mesoporous nanocomposites. A series of Cr(y)/Ti(x)–Si mesoporous nanocomposite catalysts with varying Ti and Cr contents were prepared and tested in the dehydrogenation of ethane with carbon dioxide. The as-synthesized catalysts were characterized by XRD, TEM, SEM, BET, UV–Vis–DR, XPS and H2–TPR techniques. The effect of titanium content, as well as chromium loading on the performance of the prepared Cr(y)/Ti(x)–Si catalysts, was investigated. It was found that 2.2 and 8 wt % are the optimum titanium and chromium contents in the synthesized catalysts for obtaining the highest catalytic activity. The superior catalytic performance of the Cr(8)/Ti(2.2)–Si catalyst can be attributed to a higher dispersion of the Cr species, as well as a higher content of the redox Cr species on the surface of the Cr/Ti–Si catalyst. The results showed that the Cr(8)/Ti(2.2)–Si catalyst efficiently dehydrogenated C2H6 in the presence of CO2 giving a 52.3% ethane conversion and 48.0% ethylene yield at 700 °C reaction temperature.
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