image source: wikipedia

COMSOL Multiphysics

Selling scientific software?

Sign UpCan‘t find what you‘re looking for?

Post a requestDescription

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) softwareThis software was found at

2646 locationsThe software is used in

70 countriesUsage per year (up to 2020)

Loading histogram...208 related research fields

Loading pie chart...Loading map...

Minimizing a Wireless Passive LC-Tank Sensor to Monitor Bladder Pressure: A Simulation Study

Jacob Melgaard, Johannes J. Struijk, Nico J. M. Rijkhoff, **Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering**, 37, 800-809 (6), **2017**

Abstract
In this simulation study, a wireless passive LC-tank sensor system was characterized. Given the application of continuous bladder monitoring, a specific system was proposed in terms of coil geometries and electronic circuitry. Coupling coefficients were spatially mapped by simulation, as a function of both coil distance, and longitudinal and transverse translation of the sensor relative to the antenna. Further, two interrogation schemes were outlined. One was an auto-balancing bridge for computing the sensor-system impedance. In this case, the theoretical noise limit of the analogue part of the system was found by simulations. As the full system is not necessary for obtaining a pressure reading from the sensor, a simplified circuit more suited for an implantable system was deduced. For this system, both the analogue and digital parts were simulated. First, the required ADC resolution for operating the system at a given coupling was found by simulations in the noise-free case. Then, for one selected typical operational point, noise was added gradually, and through Monte-Carlo type simulations, the system performance was obtained. Combining these results, it was found that it at least is possible to operate the proposed system for distances up to 12 mm, or equivalently for coupling coefficients above 0.005. In this case a 14 bit ADC is required, and a carrier SNR of 27 dB can be tolerated.

Ocean energy harvester based on piezoelectric VIV using different oscillators

Min Liu, Hui Xia, Guoqiang Liu, Dong Xia, **E3S Web of Conferences**, 136, 02017, **2019**

A finite element fluid-solid coupling model for ocean energy harvester based on piezoelectric vortex-induced vibration(VIV) is established. Given that the Karman Vortex Street is generated after the fluid passes through the vibrator. The model includes the conversion of water flow energy to VIV energy and the capture of electrical energy by piezoelectric devices. And the output voltage curve is obtained by coupling with piezoelectric beam. Based on the fluid-solid coupling calculation, the dynamic response characteristics of the oscillator under different parameters such as shape of oscillators and fluid velocity are studied. The voltage output of piezoelectric beam in cylindrical, semi-cylindrical and regular triangular oscillators is analyzed. Simulation results show that the output voltage and pressure difference are largest in regular triangular oscillator system compared with the cylindrical and semi-cylindrical system. When changing fluid velocity, it is found that the higher the velocity of the water fluid be, the higher the output voltage be. When the given fluid velocity reaches 1 m/s, the maximum output voltage of cylindrical, semi-cylindrical and regular triangular piezoelectric energy harvesters reaches 0.045V, 0.08V, and 0.085V respectively. Under the same fluid velocity, change the ratio of height and width of oscillator, and find that the higher ratio of height and width of oscillator is more suitable to harvest the energy of VIV.

Hydrogen pump for hydrogen recirculation in fuel cell vehicles

Wilhelm Wiebe, Thomas v. Unwerth, Sven Schmitz, **E3S Web of Conferences**, 155, 01001, **2020**

A promising alternative to fossil-fuelled vehicles are battery-powered vehicles and fuel cell (FC) vehicles. The major differences between fuel cell and battery-powered vehicles are the range and refuelling times of each vehicle type. With a hydrogen (Hed vehicles are the range and refuelling times of each vehicle type. With a hydrogen (H2) fuelling time of approx. 5 minutes it is possible to cover a distance of up to 800 km with a fuel cell vehicle. These properties make a fuel cell vehicle comparable to a fossil fuel powered vehicle. Furthermore, due to short fuelling times and long range capabilities, fuel cell vehicles are more suitable for long-distance, trucking and agriculture than battery-powered vehicles. The aim of current research is to increase the profitability of fuel cells by reducing costs and improving performance. To ensure a high performance of the fuel cell stack, more hydrogen is supplied to the stack than is needed for the reaction. Therefore, unused hydrogen is pumped back to the anode inlet of the FC-stack using a jet pump or a recirculation blower. In this study, the application of an electrochemical compressor or hydrogen pump (HP) for hydrogen recirculation is suggested. The hydrogen pump is an innovative H2 transport technology with the additional functions of compression and purification in the recirculation system. Hydrogen pumps are very efficient compared to mechanical compressors due to the almost isothermal conditions they operate under. Furthermore, due to the modular design, hydrogen compressors can utilize a minimal amount of space in vehicles.

Testing of a new non-equilibrium heat and moisture transfer model in porous building materials

Piotr Łapka, Michał Wasik, Łukasz Cieślikiewicz, Piotr Furmański, **E3S Web of Conferences**, 172, 04003, **2020**

In this paper the new non-equilibrium model of heat and moisture transfer in heterogenous building materials is presented and tested. The new hygro-thermal model differs from the other approaches which are based on the classical assumption of instantaneous local mechanical, thermal and hygric equilibrium between vapour and water in the pores in building materials. Instead of this assumption the model uses the finite rate of transition of moisture from the liquid to the vapour state and vice versa while still keeping mechanical and thermal equilibrium between components of the medium. The linear kinetics of this transition is applied. The assessment of the model correctness is also performed in the paper. In the first step of the testing the model predictions were successfully verified with the reference data obtained numerically. Then the model was validated using reference data obtained experimentally. Finally, the influence of volumetric mass transfer coefficient between vapour and water as well as water and vapour in pores is investigated, i.e., kinetics of the vapour-water/water-vapour transition is analysed. During the model testing traditional building material were considered (i.e., ceramic brick). However, the model may be used for investigation of hygro-thermal behaviour of bio-based materials.

Development of a THMC code for bentonites in COMSOL Multiphysics

Ángel Yustres, Rubén López-Vizcaíno, Virginia Cabrera, Vicente Navarro, **E3S Web of Conferences**, 195, 04002, **2020**

The proposed use of active clays for the isolation of radioactive wastes in deep geological repositories has been followed by a deeper understanding of this type of soils. This increased knowledge has led to the need for both conceptual and numerical models capable of capturing the main trends in behaviour and the different couplings between different physical-chemical phenomena. In addition, the model must have a high degree of flexibility that enables it to accommodate future developments or new relevant phenomena. This work presents a numerical THMC code developed entirely on the COMSOL Multiphysics numerical implementation platform, which provides the required adaptability. This model includes, for the first time in this environment, a reactive transport model in unsaturated porous media for a relevant geochemical system (consistent with the MX-80 bentonite) together with a THM model based on a double porosity approach. The chemical potentials of water and solutes are used for the definition of thermodynamic equilibria between both porosity levels. Trends in the behaviour of a bentonite sample under oedometric conditions are satisfactorily simulated in response to a process of saturation and change in salinity conditions. Variations in swelling pressure, porosity distribution or dissolution/precipitation of the main accessory minerals are analysed and explained by means of the proposed conceptual model.

Verification benchmark for a single-phase flow hydro - mechanical model comparison between COMSOL Multiphysics and DuMu^{X}

Dejian Zhou, Alexandru Tatomir, Ingrid Tomac, Martin Sauter, **E3S Web of Conferences**, 205, 02002, **2020**

Numerical modelling of hydromechanical processes in geological environments has become an invaluable tool in understanding and predicting system behaviour. However, due to the different algorithms and numerical schemes implemented in the different models, model reliability may vary considerably. Modelling of single- and multi-phase flow in porous media has been widely employed in various engineering applications such as geological disposal of nuclear waste, geological storage of carbon dioxide, high-temperature geothermal systems, or hydraulic fracturing for shale gas exploitation. Coupled hydro-mechanical (H-M) processes play a key role in the prediction of the behaviour of geological reservoirs during their development and testing operations. In this paper, we present a benchmark test on a single-phase flow problem in a hydrogeological reservoir with 5 horizontal layers of different properties. The aim is to compare two hydromechanical (H-M) models that use a vertex-centred finite-volume discretization and a finite element discretization. The first model is constructed with the free-open source simulator DuMuX, and the second with the commercial software COMSOL Multiphysics. The verification study suggests general confidence in the model reliability, but also highlights and discusses several areas of discrepancies between two models.

Acoustic Efficiency Rating of Mufflers

Olga Saulkina, Aleksei Bykov, **MATEC Web of Conferences**, 320, 00001, **2020**

The paper looks at basic approaches to evaluation of mufflers acoustic efficiency. The main focus is on such characteristics as transmission loss and combined transmission loss of the muffler. Comparison of acoustic efficiency of classic muffling elements was performed based on computational methods.

Acoustic Characteristics of Noise Absorbing Barriers

Gleb Nazarov, Dmitry Nepryakhin, Alexandr Komkin, **MATEC Web of Conferences**, 320, 00002, **2020**

The acoustic characteristics of the semi-infinite noise barrier were studied using finite element modeling in the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. The features of the finite element partition into the accuracy of the results are estimated. The results of numerical calculations of the acoustic efficiency of a barrier with and without a sound absorbing layer are presented. The influence on the acoustic efficiency of the noise barrier of the length and thickness of the sound absorbing layer is analyzed.

Possibilities in finite element simulating of the electroacoustic sound absorber

Akim Vishnevsky, Alexandr Komkin, **MATEC Web of Conferences**, 320, 00004, **2020**

You should leave 8 mm of space above the abstract and 10 mm after the abstract. The heading Abstract should be typed in bold 9-point Arial. The body of the abstract should be typed in normal 9-point Times in a single paragraph, immediately following the heading. The text should be set to 1 line spacing. The abstract should be centred across the page, indented 17 mm from the left and right page margins and justified. It should not normally exceed 200 words.

Waveguide insulator – theory and experiment

Ruslana Zalutskaya, Mikhail Mironov, **MATEC Web of Conferences**, 320, 00021, **2020**

The theory of sound propagation in waveguides with a system of resonators on the wall is given in [1-2]. The papers present theoretical data showing that the use of a chain of identical Helmholtz resonators on the walls of a waveguide reduces the sound pressure levels effectively not only at the resonant frequency, but also at frequencies which are significantly higher than the resonant frequency. This theory was called by the authors of [1, 2] the theory of waveguide isolation (WI). Nowadays, the decades later, the idea of using a set of identical resonators has been widely developed in creation and research of acoustic metamaterials – artificial structures with unusual wave properties (see for example [3-6]). At the same time, the works [1-2] remained almost unnoticed. This paper is devoted to experimental and numerical verification of the WI theory. The design of the studied WI, a simple experimental setup, the results of the experiment and numerical experiment are described.

Study of the Hershel-Quinke Resonator

Veronika Nikolaeva, Alexandr Komkin, **MATEC Web of Conferences**, 320, 00025, **2020**

In this paper, the transmission loss of a Herschel-Quincke resonator is investigated. An analytical model of such a resonator is considered. The finite element modeling of the resonator has also been carried out. It is shown that the resonance peaks of the transmission loss spectrum in the analytical model are shifted relative to the results of numerical calculations, as a result of which it is necessary to introduce corrections for the length of the resonator tubes into the analytical model. The amendments made it possible to correct the results of analytical calculations, ensuring their reliability. The dependence of the resonator bandwidth as a function of its geometric parameters is investigated.

Study of acoustic characteristics of noise barriers

Valeriya Kulkina, Alexandr Komkin, **MATEC Web of Conferences**, 320, 00030, **2020**

The acoustic efficiency of noise barriers has been studied using the developed two-dimensional finite element model in the COMSOL Multiphysics software package. Numerical calculations of the semi-infinite barrier efficiency have been compared with calculations conducted by the Maekawa formula. The main attention has been paid to the influence of the underlying surface on barrier acoustic characteristics. The barrier acoustic efficiency depends on its height, the position of the noise source and on the calculation point above the underlying surface. This dependence has been presented in this research.

Coupling and confinement of current in thermoacoustic phased arrays

3D printed self-supporting elastomeric structures for multifunctional microfluidics

Magnetic soft micromachines made of linked microactuator networks

Gas-phase synthesis of benzene via the propargyl radical self-reaction

Numerical Study of Electromagnetic Loss and Heat Transfer in an Oil-Immersed Transformer

Wen-Rong Si, Chen-Zhao Fu, Xu-Tao Wu, Xiu Zhou, Xiu-Guang Li, Yi-Ting Yu, Xiao-Yu Jia, Jian Yang, Hervé Laurent, **Mathematical Problems in Engineering**, 2020, 1-13, **2020**

Transformer is one of the most important pieces of equipment in power system. The insulation aging and lifespan of transformer are significantly affected by hot spot distributions of internal components inside. In the present paper, the electromagnetic losses of different components and heat transfer process in a three-phase forced oil circulation transformer (400 kVA-15 kV/400 V) are numerically studied with finite element method. The leakage magnetic flux and eddy current loss density for metal components and oil tank are carefully analyzed, and the effect of metal components’ electromagnetic loss on hot spot temperature of different components and oil flow in transformer is also studied. It is found that the surface current of metal components is generated by leakage magnetic flux, and surface current density is large when leakage magnetic flux concentrates. The effect caused by relative magnetic permeability of metal components is remarkable on electromagnetic loss of metal components and oil tank, while the effect caused by relative magnetic permeability of transformer tank is relatively small. Due to the mixing of metal components on oil flow, the heat transfer of core is enhanced, its hot spot temperature is lowered, and the hot spot locations of coil and core also change. These results are meaningful for further understanding of heat transfer process in transformer and important for the optimal design of transformer.

Thermal Profile of a Low-Concentrator Photovoltaic: A COMSOL Simulation

Maryam M. Alqurashi, Reem M. Altuwirqi, Entesar A. Ganash, **International Journal of Photoenergy**, 2020, 1-9, **2020**

With the gradual reduction of fossil fuels, it is essential to find alternative renewable sources of energy. It is important to take advantage of substitutes that are less expensive and more efficient in energy production. Photovoltaic concentrators (CPVs) are effective methods through which solar energy can be maximized resulting in more conversion into electrical power. V-trough concentrators are the simplest types of low-CPV in terms of design as it is limited to the use of two plane mirrors with a flat photovoltaic (PV) plate. A consequence of concentrating more solar radiation on a PV panel is an increase in its temperature that may decrease its efficiency. In this work, the thermal profile of the PV plate in a V-trough system will be determined when this system is placed in different geographical locations in Saudi Arabia. The simulation is conducted using COMSOL Multiphysics software with a ray optics package integrated with a heat transfer routine. The 21st of June was chosen to conduct the simulation as it coincides with the summer solstice. The employment of wind as a cooling method for V-troughs was investigated in this work. It was found that with the increase in wind speed, the PV panel temperature dropped significantly below its optimum operating temperature. However, due to the mirrors’ attachment to the PV panel, the temperature distribution on the surface of the panel was nonuniform. The temperature gradient on the PV surface was reduced with the increase of wind speed but not significantly. Reducing the size of the mirrors resulted in a partial coverage of solar radiation on the PV surface which helped in reducing the temperature gradient but did not eliminate it. This work can assist in testing numerous cooling models to optimize the use of V-troughs and increase its efficiency especially in locations having high ambient temperatures.

Thermos-Solid-Gas Coupling Dynamic Model and Numerical Simulation of Coal Containing Gas

Xiao Fukun, Meng Xin, Li Lianchong, Liu Jianfeng, Liu Gang, Liu Zhijun, Xu Lei, **Geofluids**, 2020, 1-9, **2020**

Based on gas seepage characteristics and the basic thermo-solid-gas coupling theory, the porosity model and the dynamic permeability model of coal body containing gas were derived. Based on the relationship between gas pressure, principal stress and temperature, and gas seepage, the thermo-solid-gas coupling dynamic model was established. Initial values and boundary conditions for the model were determined. Numerical simulations using this model were done to predict the gas flow behavior of a gassy coal sample. By using the thermo-solid-gas coupling model, the gas pressure, temperature, and principal stress influence, the change law of the pressure field, displacement field, stress field, temperature field, and permeability were numerically simulated. Research results show the following: (1) Gas pressure and displacement from the top to the end of the model gradually reduce, and stress from the top to the end gradually increases. The average permeability of the
$YZ$
section of the model tends to decrease with the rise of the gas pressure, and the decrease amplitude slows down from the top of the model to the bottom. (2) When the principal stress and temperature are constant, the permeability decreases first and then flattens with the gas pressure. The permeability increases with the decrease of temperature while the gas pressure and principal stress remain unchanged.

Numerical Research of Fluid Flow and Solute Transport in Rough Fractures under Different Normal Stress

Min Wang, Qifeng Guo, Pengfei Shan, Meifeng Cai, Fenhua Ren, Bing Dai, **Geofluids**, 2020, 1-17, **2020**

The effects of roughness and normal stress on hydraulic properties of fractures are significant during the coupled shear flow test. Knowing the laws of fluid flow and solute transport in fractures is essential to ensure the nature and safety of geological projects. Although many experiments and numerical simulations of coupled shear flow test have been conducted, there is still a lack of research on using the full Navier-Stokes (N-S) equation to solve the real flow characteristics of fluid in three-dimensional rough fractures. The main purpose of this paper is to study the influence of roughness and normal stress on the fluid flow and solute transport through fractures under the constant normal stiffness boundary condition. Based on the corrected successive random addition (SRA) algorithm, fracture surfaces with different roughness expressed by the Hurst coefficient (
$H$
) were generated. By applying a shear displacement of 5 mm, the sheared fracture models with normal stresses of 1 MPa, 3 MPa, and 5 MPa were obtained, respectively. The hydraulic characteristics of three-dimensional fractures were analyzed by solving the full N-S equation. The particle tracking method was employed to obtain the breakthrough curves based on the calculated flow field. The numerical method was verified with experimental results. It has been found that, for the same normal stress, the smaller the fracture
$H$
value is (i.e., more tough the fracture is), the larger the mechanical aperture is. The ratio of hydraulic aperture to mechanical aperture (
${e}_{\text{h}}/{e}_{\text{m}}$
) decreases with the increasing of normal stress. The smaller the
$H$
value, the effect of the normal stress on the ratio
${e}_{\text{h}}/{e}_{\text{m}}$
is more significant. The variation of transmissivity of fractures with the flow rate exhibits similar manner with that of
${e}_{\text{h}}/{e}_{\text{m}}$
. With the normal stress and
$H$
value increasing, the mean velocity of particles becomes higher and more particles move to the outlet boundary. The dispersive transport behavior becomes obvious when normal stress is larger.

Only abstracts that are published under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ are shown on this page.

Customer Service

Here to help you with: Product Inquiries, Shipping & Support, Technical Support, Business Inquiries and Press.

We are available to assist you Mon-Fri, 10am - 5pm CET.