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This model was found at
225 locations
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34 countries
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About the Applied Biosystems 9700

The model Applied Biosystems 9700 was found in 225 unique locations in 34 countries where it was mentioned from 2002 until recentlyIt is used by scientists in various research fields such as Genetics, General Medicine, Molecular Biology, Genetics (clinical), and Microbiology. The model is also used in Oncology, Immunology, Molecular Medicine, Biochemistry, Cancer Research, Microbiology (medical), Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics, Cell Biology, Pathology and Forensic Medicine, Immunology and Allergy, General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology, Biotechnology, Pharmacology, Infectious Diseases, Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience, Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Veterinary, Organic Chemistry, Developmental Biology, Medicine, Virology, Plant Science, Biochemistry (medical), Analytical Chemistry, and Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism.
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Research that uses the Applied Biosystems 9700

Linfeng Lei, Zhaobin Wang, Jianzhong Li, Huansheng Yang, Yulong Yin, Bie Tan, Jiashun Chen, Animals, 11, 1862 (7), 2021
Sixteen 35-day-old piglets, including eight Large White (LW) piglets (a lean-type pig breed) and eight Ningxiang (NX) piglets (a fatty-type Chinese Indigenous pig breed), were fed the same diet for 105 days. NX pigs had higher intramuscular fat content than LW pigs (p < 0.05). According to 16S rRNA gene sequencing, the relative abundances of the genera Ruminococcaceae_NK4A214_group, Parabacteroides, Christensenellaaceae_R-7_group and Ruminiclostridium were higher, whereas the abundances of Prevotellaceae_NK3B31_group, Prevotella, Subdoligranulum and Faecalibacterium were lower, in the colon of NX pigs compared to that of LW pigs. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling analysis revealed that the microbiota of the two pig breeds clustered separately along the principal coordinate axis. Furthermore, functional prediction of the bacterial communities suggested higher fatty acid biosynthesis in NX pigs. NX pigs also exhibited lower concentrations of total short-chain fatty acids, propionate and butyrate in the colon (p < 0.05). These findings suggest that NX pigs exhibited higher intramuscular fat content and backfat thickness than LW pigs. The bacterial communities in the colon of NX pigs were also more diverse than those in the colon of LW pigs, which might be used as a potential metabolomics mechanism to research different breeds of pigs.
Mohammed Almuhayawi, Mahmoud Mohamed, Mohamed Abdel-Mawgoud, Samy Selim, Soad Al Jaouni, Hamada AbdElgawad, Biology, 10, 235 (3), 2021
Biomolecules from natural sources, including microbes, have been the basis of treatment of human diseases since the ancient times. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the potential bioactivity of several actinobacteria isolates form Al-Jouf Desert, Saudi Arabia. Twenty-one actinobacterial isolates were tested for their antioxidant (flavonoids, phenolics, tocopherols and carotenoids) content, and biological activities, namely FRAP, DPPH, ABTS, SOS and XO inhibition, anti-hemolytic and anti-lipid peroxidation as well as their antibacterial and antiprotozoal activities. Accordingly, five isolates (i.e., Act 2, 12, 15, 19 and 21) were selected and their 90% ethanolic extracts were used. The phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA sequences indicated that the most active isolates belong to genus Streptomyces. The genus Streptomyces has been documented as a prolific producer of biologically active secondary metabolites against different cancer types. Thus, the anti-blood cancer activity and the possible molecular mechanisms by which several Streptomyces species extracts inhibited the growth of different leukemia cells, i.e., HL-60, K562 and THP-1, were investigated. In general, the five active isolates showed cytotoxic activity against the tested cell lines in a dose dependent manner. Among the potent isolates, isolate Act 12 significantly decreased the cell viability and showed maximum cytotoxic activities against both HL-60 and K562 cells, while isolate Act 15 exhibited maximum cytotoxic activity against THP-1 cells. Moreover, Act 2 and Act 12 reduced cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and lipoxygenase (LOX) activity, which is involved in the proliferation and differentiation of cancer cells and may represent a possible molecular mechanism underlying leukemia growth inhibition. The bioactive antioxidant extracts of the selected Streptomyces species inhibited leukemia cell growth by reducing the COX-2 and LOX activity. Overall, our study not only introduced a promising natural alternative source for anticancer agents, but it also sheds light on the mechanism underlying the anticancer activity of isolated actinomycetes.
Alfonsina Ballester-Lopez, Ian Linares-Pardo, Emma Koehorst, Judit Núñez-Manchón, Guillem Pintos-Morell, Jaume Coll-Cantí, Miriam Almendrote, Giuseppe Lucente, Andrea Arbex, Jonathan J. Magaña, Nadia M. Murillo-Melo, Alejandro Lucia, Darren G. Monckton, Sarah A. Cumming, Alba Ramos-Fransi, Alicia Martínez-Piñeiro, Gisela Nogales-Gadea, Genes, 11, 757 (7), 2020
The number of cytosine-thymine-guanine (CTG) repeats (‘CTG expansion size’) in the 3′untranslated region (UTR) region of the dystrophia myotonica-protein kinase (DMPK) gene is a hallmark of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1), which has been related to age of disease onset and clinical severity. However, accurate determination of CTG expansion size is challenging due to its characteristic instability. We compared five different approaches (heat pulse extension polymerase chain reaction [PCR], long PCR-Southern blot [with three different primers sets—1, 2 and 3] and small pool [SP]-PCR) to estimate CTG expansion size in the progenitor allele as well as the most abundant CTG expansion size, in 15 patients with DM1. Our results indicated variability between the methods (although we found no overall differences between long PCR 1 and 2 and SP-PCR, respectively). While keeping in mind the limited sample size of our patient cohort, SP-PCR appeared as the most suitable technique, with an inverse significant correlation found between CTG expansion size of the progenitor allele, as determined by this method, and age of disease onset (r = −0.734, p = 0.016). Yet, in light of the variability of the results obtained with the different methods, we propose that an international agreement is needed to determine which is the most suitable method for assessing CTG expansion size in DM1.
Stine Thorsen, Irina Gromova, Ib Christensen, Simon Fredriksson, Claus Andersen, Hans Nielsen, Jan Stenvang, José Moreira, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20, 6082 (23), 2019
The burden of colorectal cancer (CRC) is considerable—approximately 1.8 million people are diagnosed each year with CRC and of these about half will succumb to the disease. In the case of CRC, there is strong evidence that an early diagnosis leads to a better prognosis, with metastatic CRC having a 5-year survival that is only slightly greater than 10% compared with up to 90% for stage I CRC. Clearly, biomarkers for the early detection of CRC would have a major clinical impact. We implemented a coherent gel-based proteomics biomarker discovery platform for the identification of clinically useful biomarkers for the early detection of CRC. Potential protein biomarkers were identified by a 2D gel-based analysis of a cohort composed of 128 CRC and site-matched normal tissue biopsies. Potential biomarkers were prioritized and assays to quantitatively measure plasma expression of the candidate biomarkers were developed. Those biomarkers that fulfilled the preset criteria for technical validity were validated in a case-control set of plasma samples, including 70 patients with CRC, adenomas, or non-cancer diseases and healthy individuals in each group. We identified 63 consistently upregulated polypeptides (factor of four-fold or more) in our proteomics analysis. We selected 10 out of these 63 upregulated polypeptides, and established assays to measure the concentration of each one of the ten biomarkers in plasma samples. Biomarker levels were analyzed in plasma samples from healthy individuals, individuals with adenomas, CRC patients, and patients with non-cancer diseases and we identified one protein, tropomyosin 3 (Tpm3) that could discriminate CRC at a significant level (p = 0.0146). Our results suggest that at least one of the identified proteins, Tpm3, could be used as a biomarker in the early detection of CRC, and further studies should provide unequivocal evidence for the real-life clinical validity and usefulness of Tpm3.
Pinelopi I. Artemaki, Maria Papatsirou, Michaela A. Boti, Panagiotis G. Adamopoulos, Spyridon Christodoulou, Dido Vassilacopoulou, Andreas Scorilas, Christos K. Kontos, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21, 8568 (22), 2020
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a highly heterogenous malignancy with an increased mortality rate. Aberrant splicing is a typical characteristic of CRC, and several studies support the prognostic value of particular transcripts in this malignancy. l-DOPA decarboxylase (DDC) and its derivative neurotransmitters play a multifaceted role in physiological and pathological states. Our recent data support the existence of 6 DDC novel exons. In this study, we investigated the existence of additional DDC novel exons and transcripts, and their potential value as biomarkers in CRC. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) in 55 human cell lines coupled with Sanger sequencing uncovered 3 additional DDC novel exons and 20 splice variants, 7 of which likely encode new protein isoforms. Eight of these transcripts were detected in CRC. An in-house qPCR assay was developed and performed in TNM II and III CRC samples for the quantification of transcripts bearing novel exons. Extensive biostatistical analysis uncovered the prognostic value of specific DDC novel exons for patients’ disease-free and overall survival. The revised DDC exon structure, the putative protein isoforms with distinct functions, and the prognostic value of novel exons highlight the pivotal role of DDC in CRC progression, indicating its potential utility as a molecular biomarker in CRC.
Yongbin Li, Qin Li, Sanfeng Chen, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22, 1460 (3), 2021
Application of diazotrophs (N2-fixing microorganisms) can decrease the overuse of nitrogen (N) fertilizer. Until now, there are few studies on the effects of diazotroph application on microbial communities of major crops. In this study, the diazotrophic and endospore-forming Paenibacillus triticisoli BJ-18 was inoculated into maize soils containing different N levels. The effects of inoculation on the composition and abundance of the bacterial, diazotrophic and fungal communities in the rhizosphere and root/shoot endosphere of maize were evaluated by sequencing the 16S rRNA, nifH gene and ITS (Inter Transcribed Spacer) region. P. triticisoli BJ-18 survived and propagated in all the compartments of the maize rhizosphere, root and shoot. The abundances and diversities of the bacterial and diazotrophic communities in the rhizosphere were significantly higher than in both root and shoot endospheres. Each compartment of the rhizosphere, root and shoot had its specific bacterial and diazotrophic communities. Our results showed that inoculation reshaped the structures of the bacterial, diazotrophic and fungal communities in the maize rhizosphere and endosphere. Inoculation reduced the interactions of the bacteria and diazotrophs in the rhizosphere and endosphere, while it increased the fungal interactions. After inoculation, the abundances of Pseudomonas, Bacillus and Paenibacillus in all three compartments, Klebsiella in the rhizosphere and Paenibacillus in the root and shoot were significantly increased, while the abundances of Fusarium and Giberella were greatly reduced. Paenibacillus was significantly correlated with plant dry weight, nitrogenase, N2-fixing rate, P solubilization and other properties of the soil and plant.
Emma J Agnew, Nivedhitha Velayutham, Gabriela Matos Ortiz, Christina M Alfieri, Luis Hortells, Victoria Moore, Kyle W Riggs, R. Scott Baker, Aaron M Gibson, Sithara Raju Ponny, Tarek Alsaied, Farhan Zafar, Katherine E Yutzey, Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease, 7, 1 (1), 2019
Studies in mice show a brief neonatal period of cardiac regeneration with minimal scar formation, but less is known about reparative mechanisms in large mammals. A transient cardiac injury approach (ischemia/reperfusion, IR) was used in weaned postnatal day (P)30 pigs to assess regenerative repair in young large mammals at a stage when cardiomyocyte (CM) mitotic activity is still detected. Female and male P30 pigs were subjected to cardiac ischemia (1 h) by occlusion of the left anterior descending artery followed by reperfusion, or to a sham operation. Following IR, myocardial damage occurred, with cardiac ejection fraction significantly decreased 2 h post-ischemia. No improvement or worsening of cardiac function to the 4 week study end-point was observed. Histology demonstrated CM cell cycling, detectable by phospho-histone H3 staining, at 2 months of age in multinucleated CMs in both sham-operated and IR pigs. Inflammation and regional scar formation in the epicardial region proximal to injury were observed 4 weeks post-IR. Thus, pigs subjected to cardiac IR at P30 show myocardial damage with a prolonged decrease in cardiac function, formation of a regional scar, and increased inflammation, but do not regenerate myocardium even in the presence of CM mitotic activity.
Jong Man Kim, Je Ho Ryu, Kwang-Woong Lee, Suk Kyun Hong, Kwangho Yang, Gyu-Seong Choi, Young-Ae Kim, Ju-Yeun Lee, Nam-Joon Yi, Choon Hyuck David Kwon, Chong Woo Chu, Kyung-Suk Suh, Jae-Won Joh, Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9, 2897 (9), 2020
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A5 polymorphism influences tacrolimus metabolism, but its effect on the drug pharmacokinetics in liver transplant recipients switched to once-daily extended-release formulation remains unknown. The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of CYP3A5 polymorphism on liver function after once-daily tacrolimus conversion in liver transplant patients. A prospective open-label study included 60 stable liver transplant recipients who underwent 1:1 conversion from twice-daily tacrolimus to once-daily tacrolimus. All participants were genotyped for CYP3A5 polymorphism. The study was registered at (NCT 02882113). Twenty-eight patients were enrolled in the CYP3A5 expressor group and 32 in the non-expressor group. Although there was no statistical difference, incidence of liver dysfunction was higher in the expressor group than in the non-expressor group when converted to once-daily extended-release tacrolimus (p = 0.088). No biopsy-proven acute rejection, graft failure, and mortality were observed in either group. The decrease in dose-adjusted trough level (−42.9% vs. −26.1%) and dose/kg-adjusted trough level of tacrolimus (−40.0% vs. −23.7%) was significantly greater in the expressor group than in the non-expressors after the conversion. A pharmacokinetic analysis was performed in 10 patients and tacrolimus absorption in the non-expressor group was slower than in the expressor group. In line with this observation, the area under the curve for once-daily tacrolimus correlated with trough level (Cmin) in the non-expressors and peak concentration (Cmax) in the expressors. CYP3A5 genotyping in liver transplant recipients leads to prediction of pharmacokinetics after switching from a twice-daily regimen to a once-daily dosage form, which makes it possible to establish an appropriate dose of tacrolimus.
Dominic Schaerer, Tanja K. Froehlich, Seid Hamzic, Steven M. Offer, Robert B. Diasio, Markus Joerger, Ursula Amstutz, Carlo R. Largiadèr, Journal of Personalized Medicine, 10, 181 (4), 2020
Inhibition of thymidylate synthase (TS) is the primary mode of action for 5-fluorouracil (5FU) chemotherapy. TS expression is modulated by a variable number of tandem repeats in the TS enhancer region (TSER) located upstream of the TS gene (TYMS). Variability in the TSER has been suggested to contribute to 5FU-induced adverse events. However, the precise genetic associations remain largely undefined due to high polymorphism and ambiguity in defining genotypes. To assess toxicity associations, we sequenced the TSER in 629 cancer patients treated with 5FU. Of the 13 alleles identified, few could be unambiguously named using current TSER-nomenclature. We devised a concise and unambiguous systematic naming approach for TSER-alleles that encompasses all known variants. After applying this comprehensive naming system to our data, we demonstrated that the number of upstream stimulatory factor (USF1-)binding sites in the TSER was significantly associated with gastrointestinal toxicity in 5FU treatment.
Zhi-Lei Yu, Chung-Shun Wong, Yi Ting Lai, Wan-Hsuan Chou, Imaniar Noor Faridah, Chih-Chin Kao, Yuh-Feng Lin, Wei-Chiao Chang, Journal of Personalized Medicine, 10, 184 (4), 2020
Renal dysfunction is common in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Previous findings from a meta-analysis of GWAS indicated that the variation of RAB38/CTSC is highly associated with the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) in European populations. In addition, RAB38 knockout rats showed an increase in urinary albumins. Although the prevalence of chronic kidney disease is high in Taiwan, the role of genetic variants in diabetic renal function is still unclear. In the current study, 275 diabetic nephropathy (DN) patients were recruited to perform a genetic association study. Our results indicated that rs1027027, rs302647, and rs302646 in RAB38 were significantly associated with urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPCR) levels in DN patients. Importantly, after analysis stratified by gender, a significant genetic influence on UPCR levels was observed in the male population. The findings confirmed the roles of gender and variants of RAB38 in the risk of UPCR in Diabetic Nephropathy patients.
Xiaoyan Wu, Elise R. den Boer, Manon Vos-Loohuis, Frank G. van Steenbeek, Glen R. Monroe, Isaäc J. Nijman, Peter. A. J. Leegwater, Hille Fieten, Life, 10, 266 (11), 2020
Copper toxicosis is a complex genetic disorder in Labrador retrievers characterized by hepatic copper accumulation eventually leading to liver cirrhosis. The variation of hepatic copper levels in Labrador retrievers has been partly explained by mutations in ATP7A c.980C>T and ATP7B c.4358G>A. To further elucidate the genetic background of this disease, we used targeted Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) in a cohort of 95 Labrador retrievers to analyze 72 potential modifier genes for variations associated with hepatic copper levels. Variants associated with copper levels were subsequently evaluated in a replication cohort of 144 Labrador retrievers. A total of 44 variants in 25 different genes were identified, of which four showed significant association with copper levels. Of the four variants found associated with hepatic copper levels in the NGS cohort, one was validated in the replication cohort. The non-reference allele of the variant NC_006602.3.g.52434480C>T in RETN resulting in amino-acid change p.Leu7Phe was associated with decreased hepatic copper levels. In humans, resistin is associated with severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, fibrosis, cirrhosis and mitochondrial dysfunction in hepatocytes. Further studies are needed to investigate the biological function of RETN p.Leu7Phe in the development of copper toxicosis in Labrador retrievers.
undefined Xu, undefined Guo, undefined Li, undefined Zhang, undefined Wu, undefined Ryan, undefined Feng, undefined Xiao, Microorganisms, 7, 452 (10), 2019
Cryptosporidium parvum is a protozoan parasite that can cause moderate-to-severe diarrhea. Insulinase-like proteases (INS) are one of the largest protein families within the small proteome of the pathogen. However, their roles in C. parvum biology remain un-elucidated. In this study, a member of the protein family, INS-15 of C. parvum encoded by cgd3_4260, was cloned, expressed and characterized to understand its function. INS-15 and its domain I were expressed in Escherichia coli and polyclonal antibodies against the domain I and one specific polypeptide were prepared in rabbits. The role of INS-15 protein in the C. parvum invasion was preliminarily studied. Recombinant INS-15 protein and its domain I were successfully expressed in E. coli, together with various degraded products. The cgd3_4260 gene had a peak expression at 2 h of in vitro C. parvum culture, while the INS-15 protein was expressed in the mid-anterior region of sporozoites and the area of merozoites opposite to the nucleus. Anti-INS-15 domain I antibodies reduced the invasion of C. parvum sporozoites by over 40%. The anterior location of INS-15 in invasion stages and partial reduction of in vitro growth indicate that INS-15 plays some roles in the invasion or early development of C. parvum.
Yassine Aallam, Driss Dhiba, Sanaâ Lemriss, Amal Souiri, Fatma Karray, Taoufik El Rasafi, Nezha Saïdi, Abdelmajid Haddioui, Saâd El Kabbaj, Marie Joëlle Virolle, Hanane Hamdali, Microorganisms, 9, 914 (5), 2021
In the course of our research, aimed at improving sugar beets phosphorus nutrition, we isolated and characterized Streptomyces sp. strains, endemic from sugar beet fields of the Beni-Mellal region, which are able to use natural rock phosphate (RP) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP) as sole phosphate sources. Ten Streptomyces sp. isolates yielded a comparable biomass in the presence of these two insoluble phosphate sources, indicating that they were able to extract similar amount of phosphorus (P) from the latter for their own growth. Interestingly, five strains released soluble P in large excess from TCP in their culture broth whereas only two strains, BP, related to Streptomyces bellus and BYC, related to Streptomyces enissocaesilis, released a higher or similar amount of soluble P from RP than from TCP, respectively. This indicated that the rate of P released from these insoluble phosphate sources exceeded its consumption rate for bacterial growth and that most strains solubilized TCP more efficiently than RP. Preliminary results suggested that the solubilization process of BYC, the most efficient RP and TCP solubilizing strain, involves both acidification of the medium and excretion of siderophores. Actinomycete strains possessing such interesting RP solubilizing abilities may constitute a novel kind of fertilizers beneficial for plant nutrition and more environmentally friendly than chemical fertilizers in current use.
Ana Jiménez-Cantizano, Alejandro Muñoz-Martín, Antonio Amores-Arrocha, Pau Sancho-Galán, Víctor Palacios, Plants, 9, 1572 (11), 2020
A prospecting work at the Axarquia region (Malaga, Spain) was carried out in order to identify local red grapevine cultivars preserved in ancient vineyards. A total of 11 accessions were collected in seven different plots from four municipalities and analyzed using 25 microsatellite loci for cultivar identification. The accessions analyzed were identified as eight different genotypes, seven of them corresponding to known cultivars as ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’, ‘Jaen Tinto’, ‘Molinera’, ‘Monastrell’, ‘Muscat of Alexandria’, ‘Parrel’, and ‘Romé’. In addition, one of them is referred to as the new genotype for ‘Cabriel’ cultivar. Additionally, an ampelographic characterization was carried out with 30 International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV) descriptors for two consecutive years for the eight accessions identified as local cultivars. This allowed the identification of a somatic variant of the ‘Muscat of Alexandria’ cultivar that affects the color of the berry and another of ‘Romé’ regarding bunch compactness.
Maryam Tavakol Noorabadi, Valiollah Babaeizad, Rasoul Zare, Bita Asgari, Miriam Haidukowski, Filomena Epifani, Gaetano Stea, Antonio Moretti, Antonio Francesco Logrieco, Antonia Susca, Toxins, 12, 122 (2), 2020
Knowledge of the genetic diversity detected among fungal species belonging to the genus Aspergillus is of key importance for explaining their important ecological role in the environment and agriculture. The current study aimed to identify Aspergillus species occurring in the rhizosphere of sugarcane in the South of Iran, and to investigate their mycotoxin profiles. One-hundred and twenty-five Aspergillus strains were isolated from the soil of eight major sugarcane-producing sites, and were molecularly identified using sequences of partial -tubulin (benA) and partial calmodulin (CaM) genes. Our molecular and phylogenetic results showed that around 70% of strains belonged to the Aspergillus section Nigri, and around 25% of species belonged to the Aspergillus section Terrei. Species belonging to both sections are able to produce different mycotoxins. The production of mycotoxins was measured for each species, according to their known mycotoxin profile: patulin (PAT) and sterigmatocystin (STG) for Aspergillus terreus; ochratoxin A (OTA) and fumonisins for Aspergillus welwitschiae; and OTA alone for Aspergillus tubingensis. The data showed that the production of OTA was detected in only 4 out of 10 strains of A. welwitschiae, while none of the A. tubingensis strains analyzed produced the mycotoxin. Fumonisins were produced by 8 out of 10 strains of A. welwitschiae. Finally, none of the 23 strains of A. terreus produced STG, while 13 of them produced PAT. The occurrence of such mycotoxigenic plant pathogens among the fungal community occurring in soil of sugarcane fields may represent a significant source of inoculum for the possible colonization of sugarcane plants, since the early stages of plant growth, due to the mycotoxin production capability, could have worrisome implications in terms of both the safety and loss of products at harvest.
Ying Jiang, Hong Zhu, Hong Chen, Meng-Meng Yang, Yi-Chen Yu, Sai-Nan He, Ye-Tao Xu, Fang Liu, Matthew Sagnelli, Yi-Min Zhu, Qiong Luo, 2020
Abstract Background: The cardiovascular dysfunction in children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) has been of great concern, in our study, we aim to explore potential molecular mechanism for such long-term outcomes. Methods: Real-time qPCR was used to test long non-coding RNAMEG3and endothelium-derived factors, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), endothelin-1(ET1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Primary HUVEC after caesarean section was treated with different estradiol concentrations in vitro. Besides, knockdown ofMEG3on HUVEC provided further evidence between MEG3 expression and alteration of NO, ET1, VEGF. Then, by using pyrosequencing, we detectedMEG3promoter methylation status. Results: We found that the expression level of MEG3was higher in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) of IVF offspring than that in spontaneously born offspring. Furthermore, we found decreased expression ofeNOS, VEGF, elevated expression of ET1in HUVECs from IVF offspring compared to spontaneously born offspring. We further confirmed the results from in-vivo experiments by demonstrating that high-estradiol intrauterine environments lead to abnormal expression of MEG3 and endothelium-derived factors. Meanwhile, silencing MEG3expression decreased ET1expression, and increased nitrite, nitrate, VEGFsecretion, which could correct the effect we observed in-vivo. With pyrosequencing technology, we found that elevated expression of MEG3in IVF offspring derived HUVECs was the result of hypomethylation of the MEG3promoter. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that higher expression ofMEG3in IVF-born HUVECs, accompanied by lower secretion of eNOS, VEGF, and higher secretion of ET1, which is closely related with endothelial dysfunction, which togetherprovide a potential mechanism addressing high-risk of hypertension in IVF offspring.
Ting Dong, Fen Zhao, Keyong Yuan, Xiaohan Zhu, Ningjian Wang, Fangzhen Xia, Yingli Lu, Zhengwei Huang, Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 11, 2021
High serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels are linked to many metabolic disorders, but the effects of TSH levels on the oral microbiota are still largely unknown. This study aimed to explore the association between the salivary microbiome in adults and serum TSH levels. Saliva and fasting blood samples were obtained from a health census conducted in Southeast China. All participants were divided according to serum TSH levels. The microbial genetic profiles and changes were acquired by 16S rDNA sequencing and bioinformatics analysis. Relevant anthropometric and biochemical measurements such as insulin resistance, blood lipids, and body composition were evaluated with laboratory tests and physical examinations. The salivary microbiome in individuals with higher TSH level showed significantly higher taxa diversity. Principal coordinates analysis and partial least squares discriminant analysis showed distinct clustering in the Abnormal and Normal Groups (Adonis, P=0.0320). Granulicatella was identified as a discriminative genus for comparison of the two groups. Fasting serum insulin, Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance, and hemoglobin A1 were elevated in the Abnormal Group (P<0.05), showing the presence of insulin resistance in individuals with abnormal higher serum TSH levels. Distance-based redundancy analysis revealed the association of this distinctive difference with salivary microbiome. In conclusion, shifts in microbial profile were observed in the saliva of individuals with different serum TSH levels, and insulin resistance may play an important role in the biochemical and microbial alteration.
Angela Etayo, Hoang T. M. D. Le, Pedro Araujo, Kai K. Lie, Øystein Sæle, Frontiers in Endocrinology, 12, 2021
Serotonin (5-HT) is pivotal in the complex regulation of gut motility and consequent digestion of nutrients via multiple receptors. We investigated the serotonergic system in an agastric fish species, the ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta) as it represents a unique model for intestinal function. Here we present evidence of the presence of enterochromaffin cells (EC cells) in the gut of ballan wrasse comprising transcriptomic data on EC markers like adra2a, trpa1, adgrg4, lmxa1, spack1, serpina10, as well as the localization of 5-HT and mRNA of the rate limiting enzyme; tryptophan hydroxylase (tph1) in the gut epithelium. Second, we examined the effects of dietary marine lipids on the enteric serotonergic system in this stomach-less teleost by administrating a hydrolyzed lipid bolus in ex vivo guts in an organ bath system. Modulation of the mRNA expression from the tryptophan hydroxylase tph1 (EC cells isoform), tph2 (neural isoform), and other genes involved in the serotonergic machinery were tracked. Our results showed no evidence to confirm that the dietary lipid meal did boost the production of 5-HT within the EC cells as mRNA tph1 was weakly regulated postprandially. However, dietary lipid seemed to upregulate the post-prandial expression of tph2 found in the serotonergic neurons. 5-HT in the intestinal tissue increased 3 hours after “exposure” of lipids, as was observed in the mRNA expression of tph2. This suggest that serotonergic neurons and not EC cells are responsible for the substantial increment of 5-HT after a lipid-reach “meal” in ballan wrasse. Cells expressing tph1 were identified in the gut epithelium, characteristic for EC cells. However, Tph1 positive cells were also present in the lamina propria. Characterization of these cells together with their implications in the serotonergic system will contribute to broad the scarce knowledge of the serotonergic system across teleosts.
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